In Illinois, the cougar is a protected species and by law, may not be trapped or hunted. However, it is not listed as an endangered species and is not protected from being killed. Illinois administrative code allows any cougar interpreted as stalking, causing an imminent threat or a reasonable expectation of an imminent threat of physical harm or death to a human, livestock, or domestic animals or harm to structures or other property to be killed by the landowner or their agent. Mountain lions not actively destroying property may be legally taken if a landowner first obtains a Nuisance Wildlife Control Permit.
Long term Steps: