The status of mountain lions (also called cougars, pumas, panthers and catamounts) is very much in question. Every day, our remaining lions are threatened by human population growth, poaching, hunting, development, pollution, and habitat loss. The true health of populations in the United States, Mexico, Central and South America is virtually unknown. Listed below is Mountain Lion Foundation’s response to the question of how many lions are left in the United States.

Population

How Many Lions are in the United States?

The status of mountain lions (also called cougars, pumas, panthers and catamounts) is very much in question. Every day, our remaining lions are threatened by human population growth, poaching, hunting, development, pollution, and habitat loss. The true health of populations in the United States, Mexico, Central and South America is virtually unknown. Listed below is Mountain Lion Foundation’s response to the question of how many lions are left in the United States.

The solitary and wide-ranging nature of the mountain lion makes it difficult to directly estimate populations. Habitat fragmentation, degradation, lack of connectivity and cultural intolerance of mountain lions even on prime habitat makes it difficult to use habitat density to extrapolate and calculate populations on a large scale. This means we just don’t have good estimates of mountain lion numbers in the United States. Nor do we know precisely what population levels are required in order to maintain genetically healthy subpopulations that are ecologically effective on the landscape.

There are approximately 301,000 square miles of forest cover in the western U.S., yet many of these landscapes are fragmented, inaccessible, or intolerant of lions.

State game agencies have estimated mountain lion populations in the United States to be between 20,000 and 40,000 lions. The main reason game agencies calculate populations is to set quotas for additional kills, and oftentimes the simple fact that more lions are killed each year is used as an indicator that there therefore must be more lions. The agencies’ biases are imbedded in these estimations.

Agency numbers show an increasing number of lions over prior decades, regardless of the facts: the number of mountain lions killed annually by humans has increased dramatically everywhere mountain lions are found; their prey populations are down; and habitat is being lost at an astounding pace.

We at the Mountain Lion Foundation prefer not to estimate without good data. However, we can see the need to comment on the estimates of others. We readily admit our estimates will reflect conservation biases: the concern that we need to estimate so conservatively that we will not be taken by surprise when we undertake direct primary research and find that numbers or genetic viability have already begun to suffer—as they have in southern California, Florida, Texas, and South Dakota, for example.

Based on the best available data at this time, Mountain Lion Foundation believes the mountain lion population in the United States is unlikely to exceed 30,000. And, many of those lions depend upon severely fragmented and degraded habitat, are in severe danger of over-hunting and road kill, are imperiled by intolerance of their presence on the landscape, and are so few and unconnected they are on the edge of genetic viability.

Timeline

A Timeline of Mountain Lions in the United States

The status of mountain lions is very much in question. Every day, our remaining lions are threatened by human population growth, poaching, hunting, development, pollution, and habitat loss. The true health of populations in the United States, Mexico, Central and South America is virtually unknown. Listed below is a brief timeline of mankind’s interaction with the species within the continental United States.

1500’s

  • Spanish explorer Cabeza de Vaca observes a mountain lion in Florida, becoming perhaps the first European in North America to see one.

1684

  • Connecticut offers a bounty of twenty shillings apiece for the killing of catamounts.

1700’s

  • During the early mission period Jesuit priests in Baja California offer a bounty of one bull to Native Americans for every mountain lion killed.

1742

  •  Massachusetts enacts a bounty on mountain lions.

1807

  • Pennsylvania enacts a bounty on mountain lions.

1843

  • The Oregon Territory Legislature classifies cougars as a “predator” and enacts a bounty. For the next ninety years, an annual bounty on 200 or more cougars was not uncommon.

1845

  • The last known mountain lion in Ohio is killed.

1850

  • Due to extermination by humans, mountain lion are now considered as rare in the eastern two-thirds of the continent.
  • The last documented report of a wild mountain lion in Indiana occurs sometime between 1850 and 1865.

1852

  • First account of mountain lions being killed by Americans in southwestern Oklahoma.

1855

  • Last known mountain lion killed in Illinois.

1858

  • The last known catamount in Massachusetts is reported killed.

1867

  • Last known mountain lion in Iowa is killed.

1881

  • Alexander Crowell kills the last known catamount in Vermont.
  • Colorado classifies mountain lions as a “predator” with a bounty offered for every mountain lion killed.

1888

  • The Utah Territorial Legislature classifies mountain lions as an “obnoxious animal.

1890

  • Last known mountain lion in Nebraska is killed.

1891

  • The last mountain lion in Pennsylvania is reported killed.

1896

  • The Utah Territorial Legislature establishes a bounty system on mountain lions.

1899

  • The same year South Dakota becomes a state, its legislature enacts a bounty on mountain lions.

1900

  • Except for a small population in Florida, mountain lions are effectively extirpated in states east of the Mississippi River.

1903

  • Montana classifies mountain lions as a “bountied predator“.

1904

  •  The last verified mountain lion in Kansas is killed in Ellis County.

1905

  • Washington enacts a bounty on cougars.
  • Mountain lions are extirpated from South Dakota. The state will not be recolonized with a breeding pair from Wyoming until the early 1970s.

1907

  • California classifies mountain lions as a “bountied predator.

1908

  • Mountain lions are considered extirpated in Wisconsin (the Badger State).
  • The last known catamount in New York is reported killed.

1911

  • Oregon sets its cougar bounty at $10.

1914

  • Idaho enacts a bounty on mountain lions.

1915

  •  Idaho initiates a cooperative eradication program with the Federal Government and private livestock associations to employ hunters to kill mountain lions.

1917

  • A Federal control program, administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, is initiated in Utah to protect livestock by killing mountain lions.

1918

  • The Territorial Legislature of Arizona classifies mountain lions as a “undesirable predator.” By 1947, 2,400 mountain lions will have been killed.

1923

  •     Last known mountain lion in Missouri is killed.

1929

  •  Colorado enacts a bounty on mountain lions.

1931

  • Congress passes the Animal Damage Control Act, giving the Secretary of Agriculture broad authority to expand “the destruction of mountain lions, wolves, coyotes, bobcats, prairie dogs, gophers, ground squirrels, jackrabbits, and other animals injurious to agriculture, horticulture, forestry, husbandry, game, or domestic animals, or that carried disease.”

1932

  • Utah discontinues the issuance of bounties on mountain lions for the next 12-years.

1938

  •  The last known mountain lion in Maine is reported killed.

1939

  • Oregon increases the bounty paid for cougars from $10 to $50.

1941

  • Between 1915 and 1941, hunters employed cooperatively by the State, livestock associations, and the Federal Government killed 251 mountain lions in Idaho as part of a program to protect livestock in that state. The number of mountain lions killed by private individuals is not known.

1943

  •  Utah reestablishes its bounty program on mountain lions.

1945

  • Idaho offers a $50 bounty for every mountain lion killed and turned into the State. Over the next 14 years an annual average of 80 mountain lions were turned in for payment.

1947

  • Since 1918, 2,400 mountain lions have been killed as “undesirable predators.” In an effort to accelerate the extirpation of the species, Arizona enacts a bounty on mountain lions varying from $50 to $100 per lion. By 1969, an additional 5,400 cougars will have been killed and turned in for the bounty.

1950

  • Florida classifies panthers as “game animals.”

1953

  • Idaho’s 1953-54 winter period yielded that state’s highest recorded bounty harvest of 144 mountain lions.

1955

  • Idaho reduces the bounty paid on mountain lions to $25.

1958

  • Florida passes legislation to protect its panther population.
  • The Idaho State Legislature stops its lion bounty program and allows the unregulated hunting of mountain lions. Since 1918 (first year records are available) an incomplete record shows that at least 1,479 mountain lions were killed and turned in for the bounty.

1959

  •  Utah ends its bounty program on mountain lions. Since 1913 (first year records are available) 3,895 mountain lions were killed and turned in for the bounty.

1960

  •  It is estimated that Oregon’s cougar population has dropped to only 200 animals.
  •  While still listed as an official program, Washington stops offering a bounty on cougars.

1961

  •  The last 28 cougars are turned in for the bounty in Oregon before the state discontinues that program for lack of cougars. Since 1918 (first year records are available) 6,762 cougars were killed and turned in for the bounty.

1962

  •  Washington officially rescinds its cougar bounty program. Since 1936 (first date records available) 3,143 cougars were killed and turned in for the bounty.

1963

  •  Montana ends its bounty program on mountain lions and reclassifies them as “predator” with no bounty offered. During the bounty program’s 61-year history, at least 1,897 mountain lions were reported killed and turned in to government agents for the reward.
  •  California ends its bounty program on mountain lions and reclassifies them as a “non-protected mammal.” During its 57-year history, California’s mountain lion bounty program accounted for a record 12,461 mountain lions killed and turned in for the bounty. (For more information see California Mountain Lion Bounty Timeline)

1965

  •  Colorado discontinues its mountain lion bounty program and reclassifies the animal as a “big game species.” Between 1917 (the first year records are available) and 1965, 1,754 mountain lions were killed and turned in to government agents for a reward.
  •  Nevada reclassifies mountain lions as a “game animal.” Unlike most western states, Nevada never placed a statewide bounty on mountain lions. They were considered “unprotected predators” until their classification as game animals.

1966

  •  Washington reclassifies cougars as a “game animal.”
  •  South Dakota discontinues its bounty program on mountain lions. Since 1906 only two mountain lions have been reported as killed in South Dakota (1931 & 1959).
  • Congress passes the Endangered Species Preservation Act

1967

  •  Oregon reclassifies cougars as “game animal.”
  • The Florida Panther is placed on the State Endangered Species List
  • Utah reclassifies mountain lions as a “game animal” and hunting regulations were established that allowed the taking of any number of mountain lions at any time. At the time, residents did not need a permit to hunt mountain lions.

1969

  • California reclassifies mountain lions as a “game mammal.” This action was undertaken to control supposed livestock damage and to “manage” mountain lions through regulated hunting.
  • Thought to be extinct in Arkansas, an adult mountain lion is killed approximately 6 miles east of Hamburg, in Ashley County.

1970

  •  Arizona reclassifies mountain lions as “big game animals,” but maintains its bounty law as a non-funded program until its repeal in 1990.
  • California’s first mountain lion hunting season occurs with 35 mountain lions reported killed.
  • Between 1937 and 1970, federal employees of Animal Damage Control (ADC), derisively branded “All Dead Critters” by some of their critics, are credited with killing 7,255 cougars.

1971

  • New Mexico reclassifies mountain lions as a “game mammal.”
  • Montana reclassifies mountain lions as a “game animal” and establishes a regulated hunting season.
  • California holds its second mountain lion hunting season with 83 mountain lions reported killed.
  • The California legislature passes new legislation, signed by then governor, Ronald Reagan which placed a moratorium on the sport hunting of mountain lions. The lion hunting moratorium, is slated to start on March 1, 1972.
  • Arizona reclassifies mountain lions as a “big game animal.”
  • Idaho ends the unregulated hunting of mountain lions. During its 13 year run, an annual average of 142 mountain lions was reported killed in the state for recreational purposes. An estimated 303 mountain lions were harvested during the final 1971-72 hunting season.

1972

  • Claiming that research conducted by Dr. Maurice Hornocker had added significantly to their knowledge, mountain lions in Idaho are reclassified as a “Big Game Species” and a “regulated” hunting season is established.

1973

  • Congress passes the Federal Endangered Species Act, designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction as a “consequence of economic growth and development untendered by adequate concern and conservation.”
  • Eastern cougars (felis concolor couguar) are listed as a federally endangered subspecies under the Endangered Species Act on June 4, 1973.
  •  Wyoming reclassifies mountain lions as a “trophy game animal.”

1978

  • South Dakota lists mountain lions as a “state threatened species.”

1986

  • California’s lion hunting moratorium, started on March 1, 1972, is discontinued when it is unable to achieve its annual reauthorization in the state legislature. At this time, the regulated hunting of mountain lions in California was once again authorized. Despite this authorization, political pressure from individual citizens and conservation organizations such as the Mountain Lion Foundation kept lions from being hunted for sport in California until the passage of Proposition 117, and the permanent banning of sport hunting of mountain lions occurred in 1990.
  • Since the recommendation of a 1970 presidential commission that “the predator policies should be eliminated or reduced on public lands,” the role of the Animal Damage Control had been greatly reduced. Finally, western members of Congress, under the prodding of disgruntled stockmen, succeeded in getting ADC transferred from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the program rebounded.

1989

  •  A disgruntled Arizona state wildlife employee takes a grisly photograph of 11 severed mountain lion heads stacked under a tree. The heads represented only one-fourth of the 44 lions killed in Arizona in 1989 by professional hunters working for the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s notorious Animal Damage Control (ADC) program. Several major national magazines and newspapers carried the photograph when it was released to the public the following year.

1990

  •  A coalition of conservation organizations, led by the Mountain Lion Foundation, placed Proposition 117–the Mountain Lion Initiative on the statewide ballot. This proposition, the first to have been placed solely with signatures collected by volunteers in California, passed on June 5, 1990 with 52.42 percent of the vote. Officially known as the California Wildlife Protection Act, Proposition 117 reclassified mountain lions in California as a “specially protected mammal,” permanently banned the sport hunting of lions in the state, and allocated $30 million to be spent annually for 30 years on the acquisition of critical habitat for mountain lions, deer, oak woodlands, endangered species, riparian habitat, and other wildlife.
  • Though reclassified as a “big game animals” in 1970, Arizona’s mountain lion bounty law remained on the books as a non-funded program until its repeal in 1990. During the 51 years Arizona’s mountain lion bounty was in effect, 7,723 mountain lions were killed and turned in to the government for the bounty, and more than a third-of-a-million dollars ($386,150) was paid in an attempt to eliminate mountain lions from the state.

1994

  • Oregon voters approved Measure 18, which partially banned the use of hounds to hunt cougars. For three years, sport hunting related cougar mortalities declined dramatically statewide. To offset these hunting declines, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife lengthened the hunting season to 10 months (in some areas year-round), significantly reduced the cost of a hunting tag, increased hunting quotas, increased the bag limit in one hunt zone to two animals per year, and issued unlimited hunting tags – more than 32,000 tags were sold in 2002. As a result, sport hunting related cougar mortalities increased to record highs despite the ban on using hounds.
  • First verified sighting of a mountain lion in Missouri since their extirpation in 1927.

1996

  • With a 63 percent majority vote, Washington voters passed the citizen-placed statewide ballot initiative, I-655, which partially banned the use of hounds while hunting cougars. It was  generally thought that I-655 would significantly reduce the number of mountain lions killed in Washington. However following its passage, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife compensated for an expected drop in mountain lion mortalities by replacing the permit-only season with a general season, lengthening the hunting season from six weeks to 7 1/2 months, increasing the bag limit to two lions per year, and reducing the price of mountain lion tags. As a result, the number of mountain lion tags sold has increased from 1,000 in 1997 to over 58,000 in 2008.
  • Backed by special interest groups such as the Safari Club, Proposition 197 is placed by the legislature on the California November ballot in an attempt to repeal the ban on hunting mountain lions in California for sport. Proposition 197 was overwhelmingly rejected by 58.12 percent of California’s voters.
  • The Utah Legislature reduces the crime of poaching a mountain lion from a felony to a misdemeanor.

1997

  • Seeing a steady increase in mortality numbers since classifying mountain lions as a “Big Game Species” and establishing a “regulated” hunting season in 1972, Idaho experiences a peak in the annual number of mountain lions killed for recreational purposes with 798. Despite “liberalizing” future lion hunting seasons, the annual number of mountain lions killed in Idaho has continually declined since the 1997 hunting season.

1999

  • South Dakota repeals the special hunting prohibition (SDCL 41-8-2-1) on mountain lions, wolves, and black bears.

2003

  • South Dakota removes mountain lions from the state’s threatened species list and reclassifies them as a “big game animal.”

2005

  • North Dakota’s first mountain lion hunting season opened on September 2, 2005. The season closed early, five months later, on January 15, 2006 when a 4 to 6 month old, 39-lb. female was reported killed in McKenzie County. The mortality total for this first hunt was 5 mountain lions.
  • The Mountain Lion Foundation files an unsuccessful lawsuit against the South Dakota Game, Fish & Parks Department in an attempt to block the start of South Dakota’s first mountain lion hunting season.
  • South Dakota’s first mountain lion hunting season opened on Saturday, October 1, 2005. The season closed early, fifteen days later, when the quota was reached for female deaths. In all, 13 lions were harvested – six males and seven females. At the time, the “official” mountain lion population estimate for South Dakota was 165 animals.

2008

  • The first verified sighting of mountain lions in Wisconsin since their extirpation in 1908.
  • Chicago Police kill the first wild cougar seen in Illinois since 1855.

2009

  •  On December 14, 2009, while hunting deer, Raymond Goebels Jr., from Cedar Rapids, Iowa, came across and killed the first verified mountain lion to be found in Iowa since the species was extirpated in 1867. Declaring “It was going to die anyway,” Mr. Goebels’ was unapologetic for his actions. Since lions are not officially recognized as even existing in Iowa there was no law at the time preventing the killing.

2010

  • In May, 2010 Indiana Department of Natural Resources’ motion-activated cameras officially record the first verified mountain lion in the state since they were extirpated sometime between 1850 and 1865.
  • After confirmation of the first mountain lion to be seen in Kansas since their extirpation in 1904, Representative Mitch Holmes, a Republican from west-central Kansas cattle country, introduces a bill to allow people to hunt mountain lions in Kansas without a license. The legislation fails to pass.
  • Mountain lion supporters celebrate the 20th anniversary of the passage of California’s Proposition 117 — The Mountain Lion Initiative
  • Despite predictions by biologists that there’s only enough suitable habitat in North Dakota to support a few dozen lions at most, the North Dakota Game & Fish Department decides to increase the annual mountain lion hunting quota as well as establishing a unlimited hunting zone for the majority of the state.
  • A wayward lion is killed for public safety reasons late at night after it wanders into downtown Berkeley, California.
  • Proposition 117 protections of mountain lions were abrogated by contracting out lion removal activities near Bighorn sheep herds to the USDA’s Wildlife Services. Wildlife Services employees were allowed to use inhumane traps, poison, and snares to catch and kill lions at random, to shoot-on-sight, and even to kill mother lions without regard for their dependent kittens.
  • The Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks confirms the fifth documented sighting of a mountain lion in that state since the last known cat was shot by a hunter in 1904.

2011

  • A young, dispersing male mountain lion (only the 12th confirmed sighting since Missouri’s last native mountain lion was killed in 1927) was spooked by nearby deer hunters and took refuge up a tree. Claiming that there was an immediate threat to people or livestock the landowner showed up and killed it.
  • The US Fish and Wildlife Service announced that the eastern cougar is now officially extinct.
  •   The California Department of Fish and Game opens an investigation into reports of an ongoing illegal mountain lion hunting operation at Tejon Ranch in California. The 270,000 acre ranch, located in the Tehachapi mountain range just north of Los Angeles, is a high-priced hunting farm.
  • HB 2337 — a bill that would have overturned the 17-year old, voter-approved ban on hunting lions with hounds — died in the Oregon state Senate.
  • DNA samples prove that the young, male mountain lion hit and killed by a vehicle in Milford, Connecticut, originated thousands of miles away in the Black Hills region of South Dakota.

2012

  • California Department of Fish and Game Commission President, Dan Richards, comes under public condemnation after posting a photograph of him holding up his freshly killed mountain lion trophy. Though the lion was killed on a legal hunt in Idaho, the action brought into question the issue of Mr. Richards’ qualifications to sit on the commission, as well as the validity of many of the committee’s tenets and practices. As a result several reform bills were submitted in the legislature.
  • South Dakota closed its seventh season of mountain lion hunting with a record 73 lions killed. Many of those killed were kittens or non-breeding subadults. Because of the state’s lion hunting policies, scientists are now questioning the sustainability of the lion population in the Black Hills — a critical spawning ground for the recolonization of the species throughout the Midwest.
  • Nebraska Governor Dave Heineman signs into law LB 928 authorizing the issuance of lion hunting permits. The state’s first hunt is expected to start in January of 2013, and take place in that section of the Black Hills that reside within Nebraska’s borders.
  • WildEarth Guardians files a lawsuit against USDA’s Wildlife Services asking a federal judge to shut down the agency that is “outdated, illegal and a waste of federal money.” For eighty years, and at an annual cost of approximately $125 million dollars of taxpayer money, Wildlife Services has used poison, aerial gunning, traps, and often other illegal methods to kill millions of animals for the benefit of the agricultural community.
  • In an attempt to appease disgruntled ranchers, Wyoming proposes to create a special “unlimited quota” hunting zone for that portion of the Black Hills that is located within the state.
  • In May, Missouri Senate Bill 738 — authorization for anyone to kill a mountain lion on sight –officially died in committee.
  • Reminiscent of the previous year’s incident in Berkeley, a young, wayward mountain lion is shot and killed in a downtown Santa Monica, California mall courtyard.

2013

  • The California Department of Fish and Wildlife released a draft version of its revised mountain lion guidelines. The new policy directs Department personnel when responding to mountain lion public safety and depredation incidents and includes sections about rehabilitating mountain lions as well as partnering with outside organizations to help resolve potential public safety situations with nonlethal measures.
  • In an unprecedented move, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  announced that it is giving up its watchdog role over Florida’s endangered species in order to “streamline” the permitting process for development projects that may hurt rare plants and animals. This means that the continued existence of several threatened species such as the Florida Panther are now in the hands of the State of Florida; an entity which in the past has more often sided with developers.
  • According to Commissioner Ron Bergeron of the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation, too much water is turning Florida’s “River of Grass” into “Lake Everglades” and that could have a devastating impact on the Everglades and its inhabitants including the Florida panther.
  • The Missouri Department of Conservation  has announced the 40th confirmed sighting of a mountain lion in that state since 1994.
  • California lion protection legislation passed today when California Governor Brown signed Senate Bill 132. This is a first of its kind piece of legislation built on decades of scientific knowledge to define what exactly “imminent threat to public health and safety” means in regards to mountain lions. The bill requires the use of nonlethal procedures for dealing with those lions that come into contact with humans, yet do not meet the threshold of imminent threat.
  • The US Army Corp of Engineers recently posted a photograph of a mountain lion taken at night on a trail camera placed near the Oahe Dam in South Dakota. This structure is located on the Missouri River just north of the state capital of Pierre.
  • The Iowa Department of Natural Resources  has confirmed a picture taken by a trail camera in Madison County is that of a mountain lion. The photo was taken on a farm about 10 miles north of Winterset, in rural Madison County, Iowa.

2014

  • Last year, National Geographic put a public face to Southern California’s lion population when it photographed P-22 walking in front of the Hollywood sign at night. At that time, the animal was majestic looking and in apparent good health. However, it was announced yesterday that National Park Service lion researchers discovered in March that P-22 is now sick with mange, a parasitic disease of the hair and skin which may be the result of rodenticide poisoning.
  • Illinois Senate Bill 3049 passes placing Gray wolves, American black bears, and mountain lions on Illinois’ protected species list, and eliminates the current practice of allowing people to shoot them on sight with no questions asked.
  • The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources announced that it has confirmed two mountain lion sightings taken from trail camera photographs in Lincoln and Marinette counties. Coupled with the lion sighting in Bayfield County last January this makes the third confirmed report of mountain lions in the state of Wisconsin during 2014.
  • For the first time in almost two years, the Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism  has verified the presence of a mountain lion in that state. The sighting resulted from a trail camera photograph taken in Labette County, located in the Southeast corner of Kansas.
  • Oklahoma wildlife officials recently confirmed two mountain lion sightings in northeast Oklahoma. Photos of the mountain lions were caught on two trail cameras, one in Pawnee County and one in Mayes County.
  • Kentucky game wardens kill 1st mountain lion to return since before the Civil War.The killing of a mountain lion by state conservation officers has generated a discussion about whether the big cat should have been protected.

2015

  • An Iowan’s fight to protect mountain lions is thwarted by obstinate legislator
  • Even though it’s illegal to trap mountain lions in Montana, 48 lions have been captured in traps set for other animals over the past two years. Of those lions captured, 26 died and at least six suffered some form of damage to their paws but were released along with the non-injured lions.
  • The Arkansas Game and Fish Commission announced yesterday that the mountain lion killed by a deer hunter in Bradley County last November originated in the Black Hills region of South Dakota; almost 1,200 miles away.
  • The Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife (KDFW) has ended its eight month investigation into the origin and history of the first mountain lion to return to Kentucky since the species was extirpated in that state more than 150 years ago.
  • Earlier this week, the Mountains Recreation and Conservation Authority released a long-awaited study by Caltrans concluding that building the nation’s largest wildlife “bridge” over the 101 Freeway in Agoura Hills was feasible. Projected to cost $33 million to $38 million, the 165-foot-wide, 200-foot-long overpass, complete with drought-tolerant vegetation, near Liberty Canyon Road would connect the Santa Monica Mountains on the south with the Simi Hills and Santa Susana Mountains.

2016

  • Colorado’s first wildlife bridge is proving to be a huge success. Saving the lives of both wildlife and motorists, the wildlife overpass on Highway 9 in Grand County was designed to reduce collisions on one of the most dangerous stretches of road in the state. The multi-million dollar project is the first of its kind in Colorado.
  • A mountain lion has been confirmed in Humphreys County, Tennessee.
  • Wyoming’s lions escape trapping plan when a bill was defeqated that would have allowed any person with a valid hunting license to kill a mountain lion using a trap or snare.
  • Nebraska Legislative Bill 474 passes  requiring the state to offer special mountain lion conservation license plates for vehicles.
  • Officials in Connecticut are investigating possible evidence of a mountain lion in New Canaan.
  • In Florida, a proposed development project on roughly 150,000 acres in Collier County would affect eight protected species, including the endangered Florida panther that live on the land.  Panther habitat is constantly being whittled away by developments and roads, and residents say we can’t spare losing another acre.
  • United States Fish and Wildlife Services claims eastern cougar “subspecies” is extinct, but DNA evidence says all cougars in North America are the same subspecies.

2017

  • Female mountain lion sighted in Missouri in Shannon County.  Female lions generally don’t disperse as far as males.  Since 1994, Missouri has confirmed just 68 mountain lions, and all of those were males.
  • Idaho Department of Fish and Game Relocates mountain lion mom and kittens.
  • Statewide poll in Nevada finds strong support for reform of animal trapping laws and regulations.

2018

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  announced the official removal of the Eastern cougar from the Federal List of Threatened and Endangered Wildlife demonstrating a serious flaw in Federal policy affecting species which have been intentionally extirpated across vast areas, damaging human and environmental health, but are not protected because they exist in a sustainable population somewhere else.
  • Wisconsin DNR Releases Cougar Response Guidelines. The last native mountain lion was believed to have been killed in 1908 but dispersing lions are expected as they recover nationally.

2019

  • The Mountain Lion Foundation and the Center for Biological Diversity formally petitioned the California Fish and Game Commission to protect Coastal and Southern California  mountain lions under the California Endangered Species Act.
  • The New Mexico State Game Commission  voted to ban sport trapping of cougars and limited how many cougars a hunter could kill. Hunters will no longer be permitted to obtain additional tags to kill more than two cougars.
  • California Department of Fish and Wildlife expanded the boundary of the three strikes mountain lion depredation policy originally adopted in 2017. The policy requires landowners that have had pets or livestock attacked to first try non-lethal means to deter mountain lions from future attacks of their domestic animals.

2020

  • MLF and their co-petitioners, Center for Biological Diversity, Sierra Club and Cougar Connection, reach an agreement in the Temecula Altair lawsuit which protects a critical wildlife corridor for mountain lions and other wildlife.
  • California governor, Gavin Newsom, signs Assembly Bill 1788 into law, which bans the use of first- and second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides (one of the leading causes of death for mountain lions, bobcats and other wildlife) in the state.
  • MLF supports Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife in banning wildlife hunting contests to help prevent “spree-killing contests”, such as coyote derbies that have no bag limits.
  • MLF urges Nebraska Game and Parks to end mountain lion hunting in the state, as the population dips below 50 individuals.
  • CESA Petition advanced to candidacy
  • In a welcome move to protect California’s mountain lions, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) expanded the boundary of the three strikes mountain lion depredation policy statewide. The policy requires landowners that have had pets or livestock attacked to first try non-lethal means to deter mountain lions before a lethal permit will be issued.

 

Story Map

Trophy hunting threatens the long-term health and viability of mountain lion populations in the United States. If left unchecked, it is possible that mountain lions may once again be eliminated from most of North America.

Library

Bibliography and Library of Mountain Lion Research in The United States

As of February 2017 the library project has compiled more than 1400 articles and books about behavior, biology, habitat, connectivity, genetics and research methods related to mountain lions. An additional 1000 news articles round out the collection.

Type Title State
Research A R Kortello et al 2007 Interactions Between Cougars and Wolves in Banff National Park Alberta Canada California
Research A R Krawchuk 2014 Is Niche Separation Between Wolves and Cougars Realized in the Rocky Mountains California
Research A R Ross Jalkotzy 1992 Characteristics of a Hunted Population of Cougars in Southwestern Alberta JWM California
Research Ackerman et al 1984 Cougar food habits in Southern Utah JWM Utah
Research Acuff 1988 MASTERS THESIS Perceptions of the Mountain Lion, 1825-1986, with Emphasis on Felis Concolor Californica California
Research Adams, R. Bill; Harveson, Louis A.; Robertson, Paul; Tewes, Michael E. & Hillje, James D., 2000, Reproduction and Dispersal of Mountain Lions in Southern Texas Texas
Research Adams, R. Bill; Pitman, James C. & Harveson, Louis A., 2006, Texas tortoise (Gopherus berlandieri) consumed by a mountain lion (Puma concolor) in southern Texas Texas
Research Alldredge & more(big report), 2014-15, Cougar-and-Bear-Demographics-and-Human-Interactions-in-Colorado Colorado
Research Allen et al 2015 The Role of Scent Marking in Mate Selection by Female Pumas California
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Research Ripple Beschta 2006 Linking a Cougar Decline Trophic Cascade and Catastrophic Regime Shift in Zion National Park Utah
Research Ripple, Beschta – 2008 – Trophic cascades involving cougar, mule deer, and black oaks in Yosemite National Park California
Research Robert, C. (1983). Florida panther recover plan implementation. Florida
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Research Robinette 1959 Food Habits of the Cougar in Utah and Nevada Utah
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Research Robinette, W. L., Gashwiler, J. S., & Morris, O. W. , 1961, Notes on Cougar Productivity and Life History Nevada
Research Robinson Cooley Wielgus 2008 Sink Populations in Carnviore Management Cougar Demography and Immigration in a Hunted Population Washington
Research Robinson et al 2003 ABSTRACT Cougar Total Predation Response to Differing Prey Densities A Proposed Experiment to Test the Apparent Competition Hypothesis Washington
Research Robinson, H. S., Ruth, T., Gude, J. A., Choate, D., Desimone, R., Hebblewhite, M., … Williams, J. (2015). Linking resource selection and mortality modeling for population estimation of mountain lions in Montana. Ecological Modelling, 312, 11–25. Montana
Research Robinson, H. S., St, W., York, N., & Cooperative, M. (2014). A Test of the Compensatory Mortality Hypothesis in Mountain Lions?: A Management Experiment in West-Central Montana, 78(5), 791–807. Montana
Research Rominger et al 2004 The Influence of Mountain Lion Predation on Bighorn Sheep Tranlocations JWM New Mexico
Research Rominger et al 2006 Bighorn Sheep Mountain Lions and Ethics of Conservation New Mexico
Research Rominger, Em, 2007, Culling mountain lions to protect ungulate populations–some lives are more sacred than others Texas
Research Rowe, R. J., Terry, R. C., & Rickart, E. A. , 2011, Environmental change and declining resource availability for small mammal communities in the Great Basin Nevada
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Research Ruth 1998 Evaluating Cougar Translocation in New Mexico New Mexico
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Research Ruth, Toni K. & Ruth, Toni K., 2016, The Yellowstone Cougar Project Wyoming
Research Ruth, Toni K.; Haroldson, Mark A.; Murphy, Kerry M.; Buotte, Polly C.; Hornocker, Maurice G. & Quigley, Howard B., 2011, Cougar survival and source-sink structure on Greater Yellowstone’s Northern Range Wyoming
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Research Sawyer 2002 A Review of the Predation on Bighorn Sheep New Mexico
Research Sayre, Nathan F. & Knight, Richard L., 2009, Potential effects of united states-mexico border hardening on ecological and human communities in the malpai borderlands: Diversity Texas
Research Schmidt 2002 Presentation on Animal Damage Management Where its Going and Social Views Utah
Research Schubert 2003 Summarization and Evaluation of Mountain Lion Management Practices and Procedures in Arizona. (n.d.). Arizona
Research Service, W., & Game, A. (2010). Cat Project of the Month – April 2010 Minimum number and diet assessment of recently documented pumas at Kofa National Wildlife Refuge in Arizona to address predation management for desert bighorn sheep conservation Kofa NWR has made significant progress , (April). Arizona
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Research Services, W. (2011). Demographic Response of Mule Deer to Experimental Reduction of Coyotes and Mountain Lions in Southeastern Idaho ´ n Respuesta Demografica del Ciervo Mula a la Reduccio Experimental de Coyotes y Pumas en el Sureste de Idaho ´ ponse De ´ mographique du Cerf. Wildlife Monographs, (January 2009), 1–33. Idaho
Research Seymour, E. (2015). National Science Teachers Association, 21(4), 230–238. Idaho
Research Shearer, Allan W.; Mouat, David A.; Bassett, Scott D.; Binford, Michael W.; Johnson, Craig W. & Saarinen, Justin A., 2006, Examining development-related uncertainties for environmental management: Strategic planning scenarios in Southern California California
Research Shultz Howard 1937 Fauna of Burnet Cave Guadalupe Mountains New Mexico
Research Sierra Nevada Wildlands Project 1999 Mountain Lion Conservation Strategy Nevada
Research Sinclair et al 2001 Gene Flow Estimates in Utahs Cougars Imply Management Beyond Utah Utah
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Research Smallwood – 1997 – Interpreting puma ( Puma concolor ) population estimates for theory and management California
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Research Stoner 2004 MASTERS THESIS Cougar Exploitation levels in Utah Implications for Demographic Structure Metapopulation Dynamics and Population Recovery Utah
Research Stoner 2011 DISSERTATION Ecology and Conservation of Cougars in the Great Basin Effects of Urbanization Habitat Fragmentation and Exploitation Utah
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Research Wielgus et al 2013 Effects of male trophy hunting on female carnivore population growth Washington
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Research Wilmers Williams 2013 SUMMARY A Pilot Study on the Ecological and Physiological Performance of a Large Ambush Predator California
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Research Yamamoto et al. – Unknown – Bartonella Hensale Antibody Prevalence in Free-Ranging and Captive Wild Felids from California California
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Research Young 2010 Survival and Mortality of Cougars in the TransPecos Region New Mexico
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Research Zeller – 2016 Evaluating resistance surfaces for modeling wildlife movement and connectivity California
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Agency Reports NDGFD , 2012, Mountain Lion Mortality Data. North Dakota
Agency Reports NDGFD , 2014, Status of Mountain Lion Management in ND 2014 North Dakota
Agency Reports NDGFD , 2016, Status of Mountain Lion Management in ND 2016 North Dakota
Agency Reports NDGFD , n.d., NDGFD Cougar Mortality Statistics.pdf North Dakota
Agency Reports 1984 Status Report 2nd Mountain Lion Workshop Utah
Agency Reports 1984 Status Report 2nd Mountain Lion Workshop Washington
Agency Reports 1988 Status Report 3rd Mountain Lion Workshop Utah
Agency Reports 1988 Status Report 3rd Mountain Lion Workshop Washington
Agency Reports 1990 Proposition 117 California Wildlife Protection Act of 1990 California
Agency Reports 1998 Washington Game Status and Trend Report Washington
Agency Reports 1998 Washington Game Status Harvest Report Washington
Agency Reports 1999 Bighorn Sheep Management Plan Utah
Agency Reports 1999 Utah Cougar Management Plan DRAFT Utah
Agency Reports 1999 Washington Game Status and Trend Report Washington
Agency Reports 2000 Game Harvest Report Washington
Agency Reports 2000 Nevada Natural Resources Status Report Nevada
Agency Reports 2001 Washington Game Status and Trend Report Washington
Agency Reports 2002 Big Game Hunting Seasons and Rules Pamphlet Washington
Agency Reports 2002 Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the 2002 Game Management Plan Washington
Agency Reports 2002 Game Harvest Report Washington
Agency Reports 2002 Washington Hunting Incidents Annual Report human injury accidents Washington
Agency Reports 2002 Wildlife Services Utah Utah
Agency Reports 2002-2003 Furbearer Trapping Seasons and Rules pamphlet Washington
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Agency Reports 2003 Statewide Management Plan for Mule Deer Utah
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Agency Reports 2009 Draft Game Management Plan 2003-2009 Washington
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Agency Reports 2011 Cougar Annual Report Utah
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Agency Reports 2011 Status Report 10th Mountain Lion Workshop Bozeman Montana Washington
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Agency Reports 2012 Annual Cougar Report 2012 Utah
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Agency Reports 2012 large carnivore conflict management budget Washington
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Agency Reports 2013 Cougar Harvest Information 062613 Utah
Agency Reports 2013 Cougar Hunt Season Harvest Summary preliminary 08082013 Utah
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Agency Reports 2013 Procedure for Investigation of Livestock Injuries and Mortalities Washington
Agency Reports 2013 Utah Cougar Guidebook Utah
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Agency Reports 2014 Preceedings of 11th Mtn Lion Workshop Utah
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Agency Reports 2015 PPT Bounties and Bubbles Why Academics and Advocates Fail to Influence Predator Management HSUSconf Utah
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Agency Reports AZDFG (2006). Kofa National Wildlife Refuge Environmental Assessment. Arizona
Agency Reports AZDFG (2007) Press Release: Game and Fish to Conduct Mountain Lion Presentation. Arizona
Agency Reports AZDFG (2012) Mountain lion harvest data Arizona
Agency Reports AZDFG (n.d.). Survey, Harvest and Hunt Datafor Big and Small Game. Arizona
Agency Reports AZDFG. (2001). Wildlife 2006. Arizona
Agency Reports AZDFG. (2003). 2002-2003 Arizona Hunt Regulation Changes For 2002-2003, 4–8. Arizona
Agency Reports AZDFG. (2004). Tucson , Arizona Sponsored by Arizona Game and Fish Department Executive Summary Organization of the Report The Workshop Funding Ideas Appendix A — Overall Results Appendix B — Public Comment: Individual Responses Appendix C — Public Comment: Organizati, 1–22. Arizona
Agency Reports AZDFG. (2005). ATTITUDES TOWARD URBAN WILDLIFE AMONG RESIDENTS OF PHOENIX AND TUCSON , ARIZONA Conducted for the Arizona Game and Fish Department ATTITUDES TOWARD URBAN WILDLIFE AMONG RESIDENTS OF PHOENIX AND TUCSON , ARIZONA. Arizona
Agency Reports AZDFG. (2007). Kofa Mountains Complex Predation Management Plan, (April). Arizona
Agency Reports AZDFG. (2012). Wildlife 2012, (August 2006), 85023. Arizona
Agency Reports AZDFG. (2013). 2013-14 Arizona Hunting Regulations, (800). Arizona
Agency Reports AZDFG. (n.d.). Arizona Game and Fish Department Action Plan For Minimizing and Responding to LionlIluman. Arizona
Agency Reports Bell, Robertson, 1988, Status of the Mountain Lion in New Mexico New Mexico
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Agency Reports CDFW 1988 EXCERPTS CDFW Report to the Fish and Game Commission 070187 to 063088 California
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Agency Reports CDFW Depredation Permits/R6 – Imperial County – 1997 California
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Agency Reports CPW Apker 2016 Communication and explanation of data email Colorado
Agency Reports CPW Logan 2015 Assessing Effects of Hunting on a Puma Population on the Uncompahgre Plateau Colorado Colorado
Agency Reports CPW Puma Mortality 1980-2015 Colorado
Agency Reports Department of Pesticide Regulation 2012 Notice of Proposed Decision to Renew Pesticide Product Registrations for 2013 California
Agency Reports Fish and Game Code Section 4810 – Mountain Lion Research AB 1784 California
Agency Reports Fitzhugh, Gorenzel – 1986 – BIOLOGICAL STATUS OF MOUNTAIN LIONS IN CALIFORNIA California
Agency Reports FLFGC (1989). FEASIBILITY OF TRANSLOCATING. Florida
Agency Reports FLFGC. (1998). Public Acceptability of Florida Panther Reintroduction Final Report. Florida
Agency Reports FLFGC. (2010). Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Statement on Estimating Panther Population Size, (December). Florida
Agency Reports FLFGC. (2012). FL A FFWCC 2012 Panther Mortality and Injury List 1972-08282012. Florida
Agency Reports FLFGC. (2014). FL A FFWCC 2014 PantherNet Mortality Data Compiled. Florida
Agency Reports FLFGC. (n.d.). Florida, (3922). Florida
Agency Reports Goldstein, Rominger, 2009, Fra Cristobal Mountains: Evaluation of an 8-year mountain lion removal management action on endangered desert bighorn sheep recovery New Mexico
Agency Reports IDFG. (1828). No Title. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (1973). Mountain lion. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2000). Idaho 2000 mountain lion hunting stats. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2001). Idaho 2001 mountain lion hunting stats. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2002). Akenson et al 2002 Winter Predation and Interactions of Cougars and Wolves in the Central Idaho Wilderness. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2002). Idaho 2002 mountain lion hunting stats. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2003). Idaho 2003 mountain lion hunting stats. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2003). Southeast Mule Deer Ecology 2002 to 2003. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2004). Idaho 2004 mountain lion hunting stats. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2005). Idaho 2005 mountain lion hunting stats. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2006). Idaho 2006 mountain lion hunting stats. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2007). Idaho 2007 mountain lion hunting stats. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2008). Idaho 2008 mountain lion hunting stats. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2009). Idaho 2009 mountain lion hunting stats. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2010). Idaho 2010 mountain lion hunting stats. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2011). Idaho Department of Fish and Game Predation Management Plan For the Lolo and Selway Elk Zones, 1–17. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (2014). Predation Management Plan for the Middle Fork Elk Zone. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (n.d.). Idaho Mountain Lion Status Report. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (n.d.). Rules Governing Classification and Protection of Wildife, 1–9. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (n.d.). Rules Governing the Taking of Big Game Animals in Idaho. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (n.d.). Rules Governing the Use of Bait and Trappong for Taking Big Game Animals, 1–8. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (n.d.). THE IMPACT OF HABITAT FRAGMENTATION ON THE POPULATION GENETIC STRUCTURE OF PUMAS IN IDAHO Submitted. Idaho
Agency Reports IDFG. (n.d.). White et al Mountain Lion Survey Techniques in Northern Idaho; A Three-Fold Approachl. Idaho
Agency Reports Langan, M. (2013). Mountain Lions and Cherry County Property. Nebraska
Agency Reports Leavitt, Daniel Jacob, 2003, Mountain Lion Incidents in Big Bend National Park: 1953-2003 Texas
Agency Reports Locke, Shawn; Brewer, Clay & Harveson, Louis, 2005, Identifying Lanscapes For Desert Bighorn Sheep Translocations in Texas Texas
Agency Reports Marshall, C. (n.d.). Answers to Questions Posed by Commissioner Marshall. Nebraska
Agency Reports Mckinney, Billy, 2010, Mountain Lions, Deer and Predator Control Texas
Agency Reports Menke, 2008, Locating Potential Cougar (Puma concolor) Corridors in New Mexico Using a Least-Cost Path Corridor GIS Analysis New Mexico
Agency Reports Morrison, 1984, 2nd Mountain Lion Workshop: Status Report: New Mexico New Mexico
Agency Reports MTFWP. (n.d.). Bear Spray Successfully Deterred a Mountain Lion. Montana
Agency Reports NDCNR Turnipseed 2002 Nevada Natural Resources Status Report Nevada
Agency Reports NDOW 1968-2010 Mountain Lion Population Model Nevada
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Agency Reports NDOW 1983 The Mountain Lion in Nevada Nevada
Agency Reports NDOW 1995 Comprehensive Mountain Lion Management Plan Nevada
Agency Reports NDOW 2000-2001 Mountain Lion Harvest Nevada
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Agency Reports NDOW 2013 HuntUnits maps_ArchD Nevada
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Agency Reports NDOW 2016 Comprehensive Predator Kill Table for Nevada 2000-2017 Nevada
Agency Reports NDOW Living With Mountain Lions Nevada
Agency Reports NDOW Wasley 2004 Mule Deer Population Dynamics Issues and Influences Nevada
Agency Reports NDOWC Mule Deer Committee Meeting Minutes 4.15.2010 Nevada
Agency Reports NDW 1983 The Mountain Lion in Nevada Nevada
Agency Reports NDW 1988 Status Report 3rd Mountain Lion Workshop Nevada
Agency Reports NDW 2011 Big Game Status Report 2010-22 Mountain Lions Nevada
Agency Reports NDW Tsukamoto 1984 Status Report 2nd Mountain Lion Workshop Nevada
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Agency Reports NGPC. (2012). Puma Mortalities, 68503. Nebraska
Agency Reports NGPC. (2013). Confirmed Mountain Lion Presence in Nebraska 1991- Present, 1–7. Nebraska
Agency Reports NGPC. (2013). Mountain lion hunting seasons, 1–24. Nebraska
Agency Reports NGPC. (2014). 2014 Prairie Mountain Lion Management Unit. Nebraska
Agency Reports NGPC. (2014). Agency working to learn more about mountain lions in Nebraska, 2014–2015. Nebraska
Agency Reports NGPC. (2014). Agency Works to Learn More About Mountain Lions in Nebraska. Nebraska
Agency Reports NGPC. (2014). The Value of Predators – Nebraskaland Magazine.pdf. Nebraska
Agency Reports NGPC. (n.d.). Mountain Lion Response Plan. Nebraska
Agency Reports NGPC. (n.d.). NE A NGPC Cougar Mortality Statistics.pdf. Nebraska
Agency Reports NGPC. (n.d.). STATUS REPORT ON MOUNTAIN LIONS IN NEBRASKA, 11–13. Nebraska
Agency Reports NGPC. Title 163. Nebraska
Agency Reports NMDA Littauer White 1984 Cougar Predation on Livestock in New Mexico in 1983 and the First Half of 1984 New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 1984 STATUS REPORT 2nd Mountain Lion Workshop New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 1988 STATUS REPORT 3rd Mountain Lion Workshop New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 1997 Long Range Plan for the Management of Cougar in New Mexico New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2000 Status of The Mountain Lion in New Mexico 1971-2000 New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2002 FEA Mountain Lion Management to Protect the State Endangered Desert Bighorn Sheep New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2004 DRAFT Long Range Plan for the Management of Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep in New Mexico New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2004 Living With Large Predators in New Mexico New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2004 Long Range Plan for the Management of Cougar in New Mexico 1997-2004 New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2004 Synopsis of a 5 Year Mountain Lion Control Management Action on Endangered Desert Bighorn Sheep Recovery New Mexico 1999-2004 New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2007 Culling Mountain Lions to Protect Ungulate Populations Some Lives Are More Sacred Than Others New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2007 Evaluation of an 8 Year Mountain Lion Removal Management Action on Endangered Desert Bighorn Sheep Recovery New Mexico 1999-2007 New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2007 Meetings Scheduled Statewide to Discuss Bear Cougar Management New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2008 Science and Hard Work A Story About Saving Desert Bighorn Sheep in New Mexico New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2009 Fra Christobal Mountains Evaluation of an 8 Year Mountain Lion Removal Management Action on Endangered Desert Bighorn Sheep Recovery New Mexico New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2010 Cougar Population and Management Matrix for Hunting Seasons 2011-2015 New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2010 Cougar Zones and Habitat Model for 2011-2012 New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2012 Annual Cougar Mortality Statistics 2001-2012 New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2012 Proposed Changes to Cougar and Bear Hunting New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2015 Annual Cougar Mortality Statistics 2001-2015 New Mexico
Agency Reports NMDGF 2015 Bear and Cougar Rule Changes for Consideration New Mexico
Agency Reports NPS 2011 Reporting and Responding to Mountain Lion Observations in Redwood National and State Parks SOP California
Agency Reports Opposition to Wyoming 2012 Black Hills Hunt Changes – MLF Comment Letter 6/12/2012 Wyoming
Agency Reports Rominger, Goldstein, 2004, Synopsis of a 5 year lion control management action on endangered desert bighorn sheep recovery New Mexico
Agency Reports Rominger, Goldstein, 2007, Evaluation of an 8-year mountain lion removal management action on endangered desert bighorn sheep recovery New Mexico
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Agency Reports SDGFP. , 2007, South Dakota Mountain Lion Hunting Season. South Dakota
Agency Reports SDGFP. , 2007, Surveys Seek Evaluations from South Dakota Mountain Lion, Black Hills Deer Hunters. South Dakota
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Agency Reports SDGFP. , 2012, Mountain Lion Season Harvest Stats. South Dakota
Agency Reports SDGFP. , 2014, Mortality Spreadsheet from John Kanta 1996-Dec2014. South Dakota
Agency Reports SDGFP. , 2014, Mountain Lion Mortalities, 10–12. South Dakota
Agency Reports SDGFP. , 2014, SD MOUNTAIN LION MANAGEMENT PLAN—PUBLIC COMMENTS, 1–80. South Dakota
Agency Reports SDGFP. , 2015, South Dakota moves to DNA to track mountain lion population. South Dakota
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Agency Reports SNDW 2002 Instructions and Requirements License for Noncommercial Possession of Live Wildlife Nevada
Agency Reports Thompson, Bruce C., 1984, Texas Texas
Agency Reports USDA 2002 Wildlife Sevices Colorado Colorado
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Agency Reports USFWS. (1989). Final Performance Report. Florida
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Agency Reports USFWS. (1993). HABITAT PRESERVATION PLAN. Florida
Agency Reports USFWS. (1993). Participation Schedule of the Revise Florida Panther Revovery Plan, (February 1992). Florida
Agency Reports USFWS. (1993). PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF Potential Florida Panther Reintroduction Sites. Florida
Agency Reports USFWS. (2007). 2007 Interagency Florida Panther Response Team Report. Florida
Agency Reports USFWS. (2011). Endangered Florida Panthers Have Good News from the Nursery, 44–46. Florida
Agency Reports USFWS. (n.d.). GENETIC MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES AND POPULATION VIABILITY OF THE FLORIDA PANTHER. Florida
Agency Reports WAFWA 2006 Wildlife Values in the West Colorado
Agency Reports Ware, Dave, WDFW Cougar Mortality Data 2000-2011 Statistics, 2011 Washington
Agency Reports Wildlife Management Division, 2004, Draft: Long Range Plan for the Management of Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep in New Mexico New Mexico
Agency Reports Wildlife Services 2006 The Electronic Calling System Effectiveness for Capturing a Wide Variety of Offending Wildlife Species in Nevada 2002-2005 Nevada
Agency Reports Wyoming 2001 Mountain Lion Status Report – Proceedings from the 6th Mountain Lion Workshop Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2001-02 Mountain Lion Hunting Harvest Report Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2002-03 Mountain Lion Hunting Harvest Report Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2003-04 Mountain Lion Hunting Harvest Report Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2004-05 Mountain Lion Hunting Harvest Report Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2005-06 Mountain Lion Hunting Harvest Report Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2005-06 Mountain Lion Hunting Harvest Report Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2006 Mountain Lion Management Plan Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2006-07 Mountain Lion Hunting Harvest Report Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2007-08 Mountain Lion Hunting Harvest Report Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2008 Mountain Lion Status Report – Proceedings from the 9th Mountain Lion Workshop Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2008-09 Mountain Lion Hunting Harvest Report Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2009-10 Mountain Lion Hunting Harvest Report Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2010 ML Hunting Review Instructions Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2010 Mountain Lion Hunting Season – Statement of Reason Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2010 Reduced License Second Kill Area Map Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2010 Unlimited Kill Area Map Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming 2010-11 Mountain Lion Hunting Harvest Report Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming Draft 2010 Lion Hunting Regulations Wyoming
Agency Reports Wyoming Mountain Lion Hunting Quota-Harvest Information 2001 – 2010 Wyoming
Agency Reports Young, John, 2008, Texas Mountain Lion Status Report Texas
Agency Reports Young, John, 2010, Texas Mountain Lion Status Report Texas
Comments 2016 MLF Comment Letter Opposing Utah’s 2016-2017 Cougar Hunt Plan Utah
Comments Letter to the Editor: Issaquah Press 02/23/11 Washington
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Comments Letter to the Editor: Sammamish Review 04/06/11 Washington
Comments Letter to the Editor: Seattle Times 03/24/11 Washington
Comments Open Letter to Washington Legislators: McCoy 03/16/11 Washington
Comments Opposition to Rule Changes to WAC 232-12-24303 – Mountain Lion Foundation 7/13/2011 Washington
Comments Opposition to Rule Changes to WAC 232-12-24303 – Washington Cougar Coalition 7/12/2011 Washington
Comments Opposition to Rule Changes to WAC 232-12-24303 – Washington Cougar Coalition 7/12/2011 Washington
Comments Washington HB 2438: Mountain Lion Foundation 01/28/08 Washington
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Legal Dansel, Senate Bill 6287 Cougar Control With Hounds, 2014 Washington
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Legal Legislature. (1998). The Nebraska Nongame and Endangered Species Conservation Act (NESCA) ARTICLE 8 . NONGAME AND ENDANGERED SPECIES CONSERVATION ACT . § 37-806 . Endangered or threatened species; how determined; commission; powers and duties; unlawful acts; exceptions, (1993). Nebraska
Legal Legislature. (2009). One Hundred First of Nebraska Legislature First Session Legislative Bill 437, 1–6. Nebraska
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Legal Los Alamos County 2014 Chapter 6 Animals Trapping Ban New Mexico
Legal Monning 2012 AB 1784 Mountain Lion Research FINAL California
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Legal New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, 2012, Proposed Amendments to the Bear and Cougar and Habitat Protection Rules New Mexico
Legal Oller and Machado 1999 AB 560 sheep amendemet to Prop 117 California
Legal Pavley 2010 Leg Counsel Opinion – Depredating Mountain Lions California
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Legal Senate. (2011). Montana Conservation Issue Legislative Hotlist Montana Conservation Issue Legislative Hotlist. Montana
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Legal US Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit, Judge’s Opinion, Oregon Cougar Lawsuit Case 09-35541, 2010 Oregon
Legal WDFW, RCW 77.36, 2014 Washington
Other Associated Press, 2005 Hunters Tell of Mountain Lion Kills North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2005 Mountain Lion Season Starts Slowly North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2006 Game and Fish Department Keeping Track of Collared Cougar North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2007 Fifth Mountain Lion Killed; Season Ends in Western North Dakota North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 3rd Mountain Lion Season Ends; Debate Continues North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 Cougars Continue to Get Caught in Traps North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 Cougars Sighted Near New Town North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 First Cougar of Season Killed North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 First Mountain Lion of eason Killed North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 First Mountain Lion of North Dakota Season Killed North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 Mountain Lions Won’t Be Classified as Varmints North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 North Dakota’s 3rd Mountain Lion Season Ends North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 Officials Investigatin Possible Cougar Attack North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 Officials Say Horse Wasn’t Attacked by Cougar North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 Owner of Pregnant mare Believes Mountain Lion Attacked Horse North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 Tribe Opens Lion Hunt North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 Williston Bowhunter Kills Cougar North Dakota
Other Associated Press, 2008 Young Mountain Lion Caught in Trap Euthanized North Dakota
Other Associated Press, North Dakota Mountain Lions Wandering North Dakota
Other Bismarck Tribune, 2007 A Visit with North Dakota Game and Fish Director Terry Steinwand North Dakota
Other Bismarck Tribune, 2007 Badlands Mountain Lion Season Over North Dakota
Other Bismarck Tribune, 2007 Changes in Trapping Regulations Unlikely North Dakota
Other Bismarck Tribune, 2007 Cougar Captured, Killed in Badlands North Dakota
Other Bismarck Tribune, 2007 Dead Cougar Found Frozen in Lake Sakakawea Ice North Dakota
Other Bismarck Tribune, 2007 Mountain Lion May Have Been North Dakota’s Eve. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Bismarck Tribune, 2008 Mountain Lion Licenses Proposed. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Bismarck Tribune, 2008 Mountain Lions Get GPS Collars North Dakota
Other Bismarck Tribune, 2008 North Dakota’s 3rd Mountain Lion Season Ends. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Bismarck Tribune, 2008 Traps Snare, Kill Three Mountain Lions. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Bismarck Tribune, Comments on Trapped Mountain Lion is Euthanized North Dakota
Other Boomgarden, 2008 Pierre Report Time Flies as the Legislature Works North Dakota
Other Dickson Press, 2008 Cougar’s Radio Collar Conks Out North Dakota
Other Dickson Press, 2008 Editorial – Some Credible Suggestions are Given North Dakota
Other Gehring, 2008 First Mountain Lion of Season Taken. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Gehring, 2008 Mountain Lion Reported in Mandan. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2005 Mountain Lion Allegedly Shot. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2005 Necropsies Hold No Surprises. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2005 North Dakota Mountain Lion Fitted with Radio Collar. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2006 Many Questions Persist over North Dakota Mountain Lions. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2006 Many Questions Persist Over North Dakota Mountain Lions. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2006 Mountain Lion Stays Close to North Dakota Capture Site. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2007 All Five Cougars Killed Were Females. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2007 Changes in trapping regulations unlikely. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2007 Changes Proposed for Third Mountain Lion Hunting Season. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2007 Cougar Spotted near Bismarck. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2007 Investigation Continuing in Death of Mountain Lion. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2007 Mountain Lions Spreading Across North Dakota. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2007 Outfitter Charged in Mountain Lion Case. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2007 Young Mountain Lion Found Dead in Trap. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2008 Lion Taken in Sargent County. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2008 Mountain Lion Caught in Western North Dakota. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2008 Mountain Lions Get GPS Collars. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2008 Owner, Officials Disagree on Horse Injuries. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hinton, 2008 Trapped Mountain Lion is Euthanized. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Hyra, 2007 Police; Mountain Lion Sightings Seem Credible, Jamestown Sun North Dakota
Other Inforum, 2006 Lion Still Traveling North Dakota
Other Inforum, 2007 Proposed Mountain Lion Season Would Include Two Hunting Zones North Dakota
Other Inforum, 2007 Two Mountain Lions Shot in North Dakota, Officials Say North Dakota
Other Inforum, 2007 Unusual Cougar Incidents in North Dakota North Dakota
Other KFYR , 2007 5th Mountain Lion Killed North Dakota
Other KFYR , 2007 Cougars Settling in Badlands North Dakota
Other KFYR , 2007 Two Mountain Lions Killed North Dakota
Other KXMBTV, 2007 Proposed North Dakota Mountain Lion Season Change North Dakota
Other KXMBTV, 2008 Horse Injured North Dakota
Other KXMBTV, 2008 Mountain Lion North Dakota
Other KXMCTV , 2007 Hunter Finds Mountain Lion Cubs North Dakota
Other KXMCTV , 2007 Young Mountain Lion Trapped North Dakota
Other Loznak , 2007 Experts; Cougar Population Not Increasing, USA Today North Dakota
Other MacPherson, 2005 Hunt Ends for Mountain Lion that Threatened Bikers, Associated Press North Dakota
Other MacPherson, 2006 Cougar Captured, Collared for Tracking, Associated Press North Dakota
Other MacPherson, MacPherson Authorities Report First Mountain Lion Kill of the Season, Associated Press North Dakota
Other Minot Daily News, 2007 Hunter Stumbles Across Mountain Lion Cubs North Dakota
Other Minot Daily News, 2007 Lake Levels, Lions Highlight Minot Meeting North Dakota
Other Minot Daily News, 2007 Lion Entombed in Ice at Four Bears North Dakota
Other Minot Daily News, 2007 Mother, Daughter Spot Mountain Lion; Game & Fish Call Claim “Unfounded.” North Dakota
Other Minot Daily News, 2008 Special Reservation Lion Hunt Opened North Dakota
Other News , 2005 Guided Mountain Lion Hunt Off North Dakota
Other News , 2005 Mountain Lion Spotted Near Thompson North Dakota
Other News , 2008 Coyote Hunters Killed Another Mountain Lion in North Dakota North Dakota
Other News , 2008 KXMBTV 2008 Possible Mountain Lions in Bismarck North Dakota
Other News , 2008 Mountain Lion North Dakota
Other News , ND C Feininger 2005 Mitch Feininger Letter; No Good Reason for a Cougar Hunt North Dakota
Other News , NDGFD 2007 Another Mountain Lion Caught in Western North Dakota North Dakota
Other News , NDGFD 2007 Mountain Lion Caught in Snare; Later Euthanized North Dakota
Other Nicholson , 2007 Are Lions Moving East, Trapper Says It’s Humans Who are Intruding North Dakota
Other Nicholson, 2007 Trapped Mountain Lion Killed After Unique Effort to Save It. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Nicholson, 2007 Trapper; It’s Humans Who are Intruding on Cougars. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Nicholson, 2007 Wildlife Officials Say Cow Likely Killed By Cougar. Bismark Tribune North Dakota
Other Norman, 2007 Official Says Mountain Lion Sighting Reported Here in November Unconfirmed, Jamestown Sun North Dakota
Other North Dakota Outdoors, 2007 Big Interest in Mountain Lions of North Dakota North Dakota
Other Odermann , 2008 Still Learning About the Lions, Dickson Press North Dakota
Other Rodebaugh , 2006 Living with Lions, Durango Herald North Dakota
Other Roesler, 2007 Mountain Lion Season Should Be Left Open for Ranchers, Farm & Ranch Guide North Dakota
Other Thr Forum, 2008 Emotions High Over Cougars North Dakota
Other Uniter Press International , 2007 Mountain Lion Rumor Shot Down in North Dakota North Dakota
Other Wetzel , 2005 North Dakota Schedules Cougar Season, Associated Press North Dakota
Other Wetzel , 2005 North Dakota Schedules Mountain Lion Hunting Season, Associated Press North Dakota
Other Williston Herald, 2006 Thankful to be Alive After a “Hunt of a Lifetime.” North Dakota
Other 1976 Cougar Status Report — 1st Mountain Lion Workshop Washington
Other 1977 Proceedings of the Workshop on Livestock and Wild life Fisheries Relationships in the Great Basin Nevada
Other 1984 Cougar Status Report — 2nd Mountain Lion Workshop Washington
Other 1988 Cougar Status Report — 3rd Mountain Lion Workshop Washington
Other 1988 Current Mountain Lion Research Telemety Studies California
Other 1996 Cougar Status Report — 5th Mountain Lion Workshop Washington
Other 2003 Cougar Status Report — 7th Mountain Lion Workshop Washington
Other 2004 Animal Welfare Funding Guide California
Other 2004 Cougar Attacks Revive Arguments Over Big Cats California
Other 2004 DNA Tests Show Officals Shot, Killed Right Mountain Lion California
Other 2004 Mountain Lion a Repeat Attacker California
Other 2004 Mountain Lion Attacks Bicyclist in Orange County Body of Man Found Nearby California
Other 2004 Mountain Lion Kills Dog, May Have Attacked Other Pets California
Other 2004 Mountain Lion ‘Out for Blood’ Killed After Attacking Bikers California
Other 2004 Mountain Lion Spotted at Fort Ord, Woman Spots Cougar in Fitch Park Area California
Other 2005 Cougar Status Report — 8th Mountain Lion Workshop Washington
Other 2008 – Best Management Practices for Wildlife Corridors California
Other 2008 Commuity Meets Over Mountain Lion Concerns California
Other 2008 Cougar Status Report — 9th Mountain Lion Workshop Washington
Other 2008 Fish and Game Captures Mountain Lion in Sonoma County Backyard California
Other 2008 Gilroy Family Loses 5 Goats in Mountain Lion Attack California
Other 2008 Man Who Claimed Mountain Lion Attack Won’t Face Charges California
Other 2008 Mountain Lion Captured in Backyard California
Other 2008 Mountain Lion on Prowl in Valley Spotted Eludes Capture California
Other 2008 Mountain Lion Scare in East Bay Backyard California
Other 2008 Mountain Lion Sighted Near Danville School California
Other 2008 Mountain Lion Spotted in Residential Area California
Other 2008 Mountain Lion Spotted in Woodland Hills California
Other 2008 New Mountain Lion Warning in San Mateo County California
Other 2008 Rabid Mountain Lion Attacks Birthday Boy In Arizona California
Other 2009 Hiker Was Injured By Mountain Lion California
Other 2009 Mountain Lion Forces Schools to Lock Down California
Other 2012 – Evaluation of Functional Connectivity for Medium- to Large-bodied Carnivores and Mule Deer across Colima Road in the Pu California
Other 2012 MLF Support Letter to Governor Brown for SB 1221 California
Other 2015 Mendocino County Suspends Contract with Rogue Federal Wildlife-Killing Program California
Other 2016 – Resource Selection by Cougars Influence of Behavioral State and Season California
Other A Decade of Protection… the Prop 117 Success Story California
Other ABC News 2004 Mountain Lion Killed Man, Injured Woman California
Other ABC30.com 2005 Bill Would Allow Mountain Lion Hunting California
Other ABC7 2005 Mountain Lion Encountered on Front Lawn California
Other ABC7 2005 Mountain Lion Hunts for Food in Wrong Place California
Other ABC-7 Widom. (2007). African Idea Keeping Southwest Florida Livestock Safe. Florida
Other ABCNews 2005 Woman Says Anger Saved Her from Lion Attack California
Other AGFD Freeman 2005 Mountain Lion Tracking Goes High Tech. Arizona
Other Alba, 2007, Warm weather rouses more wildlife New Mexico
Other Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., 2004, Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., ADC’s Cougar Killing Violates Federal Law New Mexico
Other APMN POSTER Cougar Smart New Mexico New Mexico
Other APNM 1998 APNM Sues New Mexico Game Commission for Cougar Killing Plans New Mexico
Other APNM 1999 Department Promotes Flawed Cougar Killing Policy in Attempt to Protect Desert Bighorn Sheep New Mexico
Other APNM 2001 Historical Involvement in Cougar Protection New Mexico
Other APNM 2003 Vanishing Wildlife in New Mexico A Legacy of Neglect New Mexico
Other APNM 2011 Cougars Under Fire! New Mexico
Other Aquatic Recreation Component of the Delta Recreation Strategy Plan Suggested Locations for Delta Gateways California
Other Argus Leader , 2007, Cougar Sightings No Cause for Alarm. South Dakota
Other Argus Leader , n.d., Comments on Central USA Sees Mountain Lion Migrations. South Dakota
Other Arizona Daily Star 2004 Commission Agrees to Moratorium on Lion Shootings. Arizona
Other Arizona Daily Star Beal 2004 Suprise End to Sabino Lion Story. Arizona
Other Arizona Daily Star Beal 2005 2 Animal Activist convicted of Disrupting Mountain Lion Hunt in Sabino Canyon. Arizona
Other Arizona Daily Star Dalenberg 2008 Mountain Lion Killed After Menacing Hiker. Arizona
Other Arizona Daily Star McCombs 2007 Border Patrol Agent Escapes Charging Mountain Lion Unharmed. Arizona
Other Arizona Daily Star Nienstedt 2007 Fish and Wildife Service Mustn’t Allow Hunting of Mountain Lions. Arizona
Other Arizona Daily Sun 2004 Agency Votes to Protect Cougar Kittens. Arizona
Other Arizona Republic 2008 New Cubs Eli, Brady, on Prowl at Phoenix Zoo. Arizona
Other Arizona Republic Kelley 2005 Mountain Lion Kills 20 Emus, Still at Large. Arizona
Other Arizona Republic Leung 2008 10-year-old Calm as Lion Attacked, Grampa Recalls. Arizona
Other Arizona Republic Leung 2008 Rabid Mountain Lion Attacks El Mirage Boy. Arizona
Other Arizona Republic Nolan 2005 Lion Tests State’s New Protocol. Arizona
Other Arizona Republic Nolan 2005 Mountain Lion Monitored with New State Guidelines. Arizona
Other Arizona Republic Nolan 2005 SW Wildlife Hires Educational Director. Arizona
Other Arizona Republic Pitzl 2004 Development vs. Arizona
Other Arizona Republic Purtill 2007 Biologist Found Dead, Plague is Likely Cause. Arizona
Other Arizona Star 2007 Wildlife Refuge Postpones Plans for Mountain Lion Hunt. Arizona
Other Arizona Sun Cole 2005 And Then There Were 3. Arizona
Other Arizona Sun Cole 2005 No Lion, Students Learn About Living with Cougars. Arizona
Other Arizona Sun Cole 2005 Research Cougar Shot by Hunter. Arizona
Other Arizona Sun Cole 2005 Spot a Mountain Lion, Here’s What to Do. Arizona
Other Arizona Sun Muller 2004 Mountain Lion Hunt Turns Up Two Bobcats. Arizona
Other Around the Valley, Cougar Killed Horse, Animal Control Says , 2005 Washington
Other Associated Press 2004 GPS Uncovers Secrets of Mountain Lion Life California
Other Associated Press 2004 Mountain Lion Cubs Roam into Morgan Hill Backyard California
Other Associated Press 2004 Puppy Attacked By Mountain Lion, Puppy Survives Attack California
Other Associated Press 2005 Genetic Flaw Leaves Felines Without Sweet Tooth California
Other Associated Press 2005 Mountain Lion Cubs Rescued California
Other Associated Press 2005 San Diego Hikers Spot Mountain Lions Within City California
Other Associated Press 2007 Mountain Lion Prowls Tahoe Keys California
Other Associated Press 2007 Panther Found Dead on Orlando Highway. Florida
Other Associated Press 2008 3 Malnourished Cougar Kittens Killed in East Idaho Idaho
Other Associated Press 2008 Arizona to Stop Killing Cougars. Arizona
Other Associated Press 2008 Big Cat Expert to Speak at Mountain Lion Workshop. Idaho
Other Associated Press 2008 Boy Saved From Rabid Mountain Lion. Arizona
Other Associated Press 2008 Cougar in San Mateo County Hit by SUV California
Other Associated Press 2008 Cougar Sighted Near Idaho Elementary School. Idaho
Other Associated Press 2008 Mountain Lion Killed for Targeting Bighorn Sheep. Arizona
Other Associated Press 2008 Mountain Lion Killed on North Side of Scottsbluff. Associated Press. Nebraska
Other Associated Press 2008 Mountain Lion That Stalked Hiker Killed. Arizona
Other Associated Press 2008 Neb. Associated Press. Nebraska
Other Associated Press 2008 Official Says Omaha Sees 20 30 Reports of Cougar Sightings a Year. Associated Press. Nebraska
Other Associated Press 2008 Officials Keeping Eye On Mountain Lions Near Tucson. Arizona
Other Associated Press 2008 Rabid Mountain Lion Shot North of Phoenix After Attacking Boy. Arizona
Other Associated Press 2008 Scottsbluff Zoo Director Says “Something Wrong” with Mountain lion. Associated Press. Nebraska
Other Associated Press 2008 Three Malnourished Cougar Kittens Killed in East Idaho. Idaho
Other Associated Press Billeaud 2007 Arizona Biologist Likely Died of Plague. Arizona
Other Associated Press Crist Wants Advocate for Florida Panther. Florida
Other Associated Press Officals Call Off Search for Mountain Lion. Associated Press. Nebraska
Other Associated Press Thompson 2005 Government Accused of Doing Too Little to Protect Bighorn Sheep California
Other Associated Press, 2004, Cougar Shot After Livestock Damage Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2004, Pet-killing cougar shot near Ramah New Mexico
Other Associated Press, 2004, Wildlife Officer has to Kill Cougar, After Goats are Attacked Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2005, Bill to Loosen Cougar Hunting Rules Loses Steam Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2005, Draft Plan Calls for Increase in Cougar Harvest Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2005, Pesty Cougar Rekindles Interest in Government Trappers Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2006, Cougar Management Plan Drawing Plenty of Skepticism Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2006, Hunters Becoming an Endangered Species Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2006, Oregon Hopes to Trim Rising Cougar Population Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2007, Group Blasts Governor for Signing Cougar Bill Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2007, More cougars spotted in northern New Mexico; bad weather blamed New Mexico
Other Associated Press, 2007, Mountain lion tracks spotted near Winsor Trail New Mexico
Other Associated Press, 2007, Opponent; Cougar-Bear Bill Violates Spirit of Oregon Initiative Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2007, Opponents, Cougar-Bear Bill Violates Spirit of Oregon Initiative Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2007, Oregon Wildlife Biologist Seek to Expand Cougar Hunting Zone Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2007, Rural Areas Offer Guides to Newcomers Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2007, Two Southern Oregon Cougars Killed for Study Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2008, Animal attacks boy, 5, in New Mexico mountains New Mexico
Other Associated Press, 2008, Authorities kill mountain lion that might have attacked Pinos Altos man New Mexico
Other Associated Press, 2008, Boy attacked by large animal on Sandias New Mexico
Other Associated Press, 2008, Farmers Say Cougars Killing More Livestock Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2008, Mountain lion sought after man’s body found New Mexico
Other Associated Press, 2008, New Mexico Man Torn Apart by Mountain Lion New Mexico
Other Associated Press, 2008, Officers kill mountain lion that might have attacked Pinos Altos man New Mexico
Other Associated Press, 2008, Oregon Lawmakers Keeping Tabs on Cougar Killing Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2008, Oregon Teen Cited for Wounding Cougar Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2008, Oregon Wildlife Biologists Create New Cougar Traps Oregon
Other Associated Press, 2008, Second mountain lion killed near Pinos Altos New Mexico
Other Associated Press, Nevada Mountain Lion Euthanized Because of Poor Health, 2016 Nevada
Other Associated Press, Pilot Cougar Hunt with Dogs Approved in Five Counties , 2004 Washington
Other Associated Press, Queary 2001 Hunting, Trapping Initiatives Challenged , 2001 Washington
Other Associated Press, Raw Cougar Meat Blamed for Trichinosis , 2007 Washington
Other Associated Press, Transplanted Elk Falling Prey to Cougar Attacks , 2004 Washington
Other Associated Press, Treed Cougar Shot, Killed in Malott, Washington , 2008 Washington
Other Associated Press, Valdes 2008 Lawmakers Look at Expanding the Use of Hound Dogs in Cougar Hunts , 2008 Washington
Other Auburn Journal Homer 2002 Fish and Game Department Issues Depredation Permits After Mountain Lions Kills Goats California
Other Auburn Journal Miller 2005 Animal Trapper Removes Wildlife When it Gets Too Close to Civilization California
Other Auburn Journal Miller 2005 Area’s Rapid Development Brings Deer, Other Wildlife into Neighborhoods California
Other Auburn Journal Miller 2005 Mountain Lion Shot, Killed in Colfax California
Other Auburn Journal Miller 2005 Supreme Preditor Roams the Foothills Mountain Lions Can Pose Threat to Livestock, Pets California
Other Auburn Journal Thomson 2004 Mountain Lion Attacks, Fact and Fiction California
Other Avila, Mountain lion killed in Pahrump after getting too close for comfort, 2016 Nevada
Other AZGFD Partners in Kofa National Wildlife Refuge Bighorn Sheep Restoration Effort Announce Moratorium on Mountain Lion Control. Arizona
Other Baeza, 2008, The Independent, Mountain lion kills New Mexico man New Mexico
Other Bailey, 2003, Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., Vanishing Wildlife of New Mexico- A Legacy of Neglect New Mexico
Other Baker City Herald Jacoby , 2006, Cougars; Hunters See More Success Oregon
Other Bakersfield Californian 2005 Here Kitty, Kitty, Kitty California
Other Bay City New 2005 Mountain Lion Spotted Attacking Deer in Marin California
Other Bay City News 2008 Hayward Mountain Lion Doesn’t Take Bait California
Other Bay City News 2008 Mountain Lions Spotted in San Bruno Mountains California
Other BCN 2004 Another Mountain Lion Spotted in Dublin California
Other BCN 2004 Mountain Lion Killed After Hit By Car California
Other BCN 2005 Mountain Lion Sightings in Bodega Bay California
Other BCN 2007 Mountain Lion Seen in Danville Residential Area California
Other BCN 2008 Mountain Lion Spotted in San Bruno Mountains California
Other BCN 2008 Pleasanton, Mountain Lion Struck By Vehicle, Search for Animal Comes up Empty California
Other BCN 2008 UC Santa Cruz to Track Mountain Lion Movements California
Other Bend Weekly , 2007, Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Cat Oregon
Other Big Bear News Page 2005 Big Bear Mountain Lion Foundation Presentation California
Other Big Wildlife , 2007, Senate Passes Bill to Reinstate Barbaric Practice of Hounding Cougars Oregon
Other Black, Hal L., 2005, Book review: Of Mice And Mountain Lions: The Adventures Of A Wildlife Biologist Wyoming
Other blic Safety Incident Reports – 2012 California
Other Bobzien 2010 East Bay Puma Project Summary California
Other Boise Weekly Dana 2004 Mountain Lions in the Middle. Idaho
Other Bowers 2008 Planners Consider Animal Movements in Road Plans. Arizona
Other Breitier 2004 Cougar had to be Killed Officials Say California
Other Calaveras Enterprise Monk 2007 Mountain Lion Enters Residence and Kills Pet California
Other California Game and Fish Magazine Higley 2003 Are California Deer Losing Ground California
Other California Livestock and Dairy 1992-2001 California
Other Campbell Methow Valley News, Lucky Libby Relocated After Suspected Alpaca Kill , 2009 Washington
Other Capital Press , 2007, Senate Panel Moves Cougar Bill Oregon
Other Carter, 2007, New Mexico Daily Lobo, Human impact destroys vital ecosystems annually New Mexico
Other CBS 2007 Mountain Lion Spotted Mulling Around Beverly Hills California
Other CBS 2008 Mountain Lion Attack Report May Be False California
Other CBS 2008 Mountain Lion Attacks O.C. Man Who Pet Her Cubs California
Other CBS 2008 Mountain Lion Puts Woodland Hills on Alert California
Other CBS 5 2007 Apparent Mountain Lion Attacks Kill South Bay Sheep California
Other CBS 5 2007 Healdsburg, Update, Trapper Responds to Mountain Lion Attack on Dog California
Other CBS 5 2007 Mountain Lions Spotted in Fremont Can’t be Located California
Other CBS 5 2007 Santa Clara County Pet Lodge Sets Mountain Lion Traps California
Other CBS 5 2008 Mountain Lion Seen In Danville Park Causes Concern California
Other CBS 5 2008 Mountain Lion Spotted in Eagle Rock California
Other CBS 5 BCN 2008 Mountain Lion Warning Issued for Peninsula California
Other CBS4 2007 14 Florida Panters Killed on Roads. Florida
Other CDFW 2011-12 Budget Fact Book California
Other CDFW 2014 Mountain Lion Necropsy Report 2013 California
Other CDFW California Essential Habitat Connectivity Project California
Other CDFW Jay Bruce 1921 Three Mountain Lion Kittens Captured California
Other Chadwick December 2013 National Geographic Ghost Cats California
Other Chico Enterprise-Record Klein 2008 Ill-fated Mountain Lion Kitten had Serious Health Issues California
Other Chico Enterprise-Record Klein 2008 Mountain Lion From Park Couldn’t be Saved California
Other Chico Enterprise-Record Klein 2008 Mountain Lion Sighting in Lower Bidwell Park Unconfirmed California
Other Chico Enterprise-Record Klein 2008 Prognosis Poor for Sick Mountain Lion Kitten California
Other Chico Enterprise-Record Welter 2005 Mountain Lion Targeted in Forest Ranch California
Other Chinook, Observer, The Cougar a Stealthy Cat , 2005 Washington
Other Christan Science Monitor Knickerbocker , 2005, Wolf Comeback Turns Predator into Prey Oregon
Other CNN Dorin 2008 Boarder-Fence Dispute Snares Rare Jaguars. Arizona
Other Comments on 10 Year Old Attacked by Mountain Lion. Arizona
Other Conservation Magazine, Stover, Troubled Teens , 2009 Washington
Other Cooley, 2002, Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., State game commission approval of reckless and dangerous cougar regulations is illegal New Mexico
Other Creighton, WSU Wildlife Ecology and Forest Habitat, 1997 Washington
Other Cronkite News Service Duran 2007 Legislative Memorial Calls for State to Manage Bighorn Sheep in Kofa Range. Arizona
Other Cronkite News Service Novak 2007 Animals Often Pay Price When They Become Exotic Pets. Arizona
Other CSU COOP 1995 Livestock Series Management Livestock Guard Dogs Llamas and Donkeys Colorado
Other CSU COOP 1998 Managing Bear Damage to Beehives Colorado
Other Daily Argus Observer , 2006, Argus Editorial Missed the Mark Oregon
Other Daily Astorian , 2006, Cougar Youth Reports Another Sighting Oregon
Other Daily Astorian Eddy , 2005, Seaside Boy “Dive-Bombed” by Mountain Lion Oregon
Other Daily Breeze Dobuzinskis 2007 Fires’ Effect on Ecology Will Endure California
Other Daily Courier Dodde 2007 Wildlife Protocol. Arizona
Other Daily Courier Dodder 2007 Game and Fish To Redirect, Add Wildlife. Arizona
Other Daily News of Los Angeles Cavanaugh, Kerry 2003 Really Wild Neighbors – Valley Folks Learn to Live, Let Live California
Other Darling , 2006, Officials Kill 4 Cougars in 6 Weeks Oregon
Other Defenders of Wildlife 1998 Defenders Files Complaint Against Federal Mountain Lion Slaugher in New Mexico New Mexico
Other Defenders of Wildlife 2007 Conservation Group Calls on Federal Agencies to Protect Critical Florida Panter Habitat. Florida
Other Democrat-Herald , 2005, State Increases Cougar Hunt Tags Oregon
Other Department of Pesticide Regulation 2013 Designating Second Generation Anticoagulant Rodenticide Products California
Other DFG 2004 Mountain Lion Sightings Rarely Spell Trouble California
Other Dorgan 2004 Turkey-Hunting Teen Kills Mountain Lion California
Other Early Statewide Mountain Lion Investigations 1971-1976 California
Other EarthJustice 2012 Comments on Pesticide Regulation Renewal 2013 California
Other East Oregonian Lies , 2007, Senate Panel Moves Cougar Hunting Bill Oregon
Other East Valley Tribune Kullman 2005 Scientist Aims to Meld Wildlife, Growing East Valley. Arizona
Other ECOS 2007 Sacramento Earth Day 2007 Registration – Mountain Lion Foundation California
Other EM New Flash, Mountain Lions at Nevada Test Site are Subject of New Study, 2010 Nevada
Other Environment News Service 2003 Animal Rights Groups Sue to Protect Mountain Lions. Arizona
Other Facts About Mountain Lion Attacks and Proposition 117 May 1994 California
Other Farrell, Cougars, Cougars on the Prowl in the Valley , 2008 Washington
Other Fausset, 2003 Homeowners Learn to Live With Wildlife California
Other Ferren , 2005, Cougar Contol Oregon
Other Feuer, Michael N., 2014 City of Los Angeles Trapping Ordinance California
Other Fitzhugh 1985 Answers to Common Questions About Mountain Lions California
Other Florida Sportsman 2005 Panter Incident Reported. Florida
Other Florida Today. (n.d.). Crist wants advocate for Florida panther, p. 70211012. Florida
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Other Forman, Secret Family Life of Cougars – Wildlife Conservation April 2009 , 2009 Washington
Other Fowler, 2007, Cibola Beacon, Lions and bears, oh my! New Mexico
Other Fox – 2006 – Coyotes and Humans Can We Coexist California
Other Fox 11 News Roberts 2008 Mountain Lion Spotted in Madera Canyon. Arizona
Other Fox 40 2004 Experts Search Near Folsom Lake California
Other Fox Reno 2004 Mountain Lion Killings Skyrocketed in Past 30 Years California
Other Fox Reno 2004 Mountain Lion Killings Skyrocketed In Past 30 Years California
Other Fox Reno 2008 No Sign of Injured Mountain Lion Hit By SUV California
Other Free Lance News 2004 Better Mountain Lion Management Needed California
Other Gaynor, 2008, Reuters, U.S. man attacked, eaten by mountain lion New Mexico
Other George 2002 POWERPOINT SLIDES Mammalian Carnivores and Humans in a Southern California Urban Reserve California
Other George, C., 2012, News: Mountain lion roams lander Wyoming
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Other Hanson MLF Crimes Against the Wild – Poaching in California California
Other Hearld, News Services State Extends, Hearld News Services 2008 State Extends Cougar Hunting Project for Another Three Years , 2008 Washington
Other Hendee 2015 Nebraska wont have mountain lion hunting season in 2015. Nebraska
Other Henneman,, Cougar Control Pilot Project a Success , 2008 Washington
Other Herald Tribune 2006 Year Deadliest for Florida Panther. Florida
Other Herald Tribune Spinner 2007 Panther Corridor is in Path of Growth. Florida
Other High Country News , 2006, Wilkison Lion Plan Draws Heat from Scientists, Enviros Oregon
Other High Country News 2002 Predator Politics Gets Ugly in Idaho. Idaho
Other High Country News Barker Phillips 2002 Fish and Game Director Rod Sando Quits. Idaho
Other High Country News Davis 2004 Cougar Hunt Creates Uproar. Arizona
Other High Country News Heim 2007 Making a Killing to Save Arizona’s Desert Bighorn Sheep. Arizona
Other High Country News Herring 2007 Predator Hunters for the Environment. Idaho
Other High Country News Larmer 1996 Utahns Roar Over Lion Hunt. Florida
Other High Country News Letheby 2005 Lions and Tigers and Wolves, oh my, Even in the Midwest. Nebraska
Other High Country News Marston , 2000, Heard Around the West Oregon
Other High Country News Marston 1996 Heard Around The West California
Other High Country News Marston 2000 Heard Around the West. Idaho
Other High Country News McCord , 2005, Dogs Could Chase Big Cats Again Oregon
Other High Country News Minard 2002 Cat Trouble Dogs Flagstaff. Arizona
Other High Country News Nijhuis 2001 Idaho Predators are Under the Gun. Idaho
Other High Country News Peterson 2004 Are Mountain Lions in Danger of Disappearing California
Other High Country News Trail , 2006, Killing Cougars is the Easy Choice Oregon
Other High Country News, Gross, Cougars in Chaos , 2008 Washington
Other High Country News, Hartwig, The Burbs Target Cougars , 2000 Washington
Other High Country News, Marston, Heard Around the West , 2001 Washington
Other Hill, 2008, Sun-News, Big cat blamed in man’s death New Mexico
Other Hill, 2008, Sun-News, Pinos Altos Lion Killed New Mexico
Other HineSight-Blog , 2007, Oregon Cougars (and Voters) Not Getting a Fair Shake Oregon
Other Holzgrafe 2004 Mountain Lion Cub Encounter California
Other Hull 2008 Using the Cougar. Arizona
Other Humane Society 2008 Workers Spot Mountain Lion. Nebraska
Other Humboldt County Board Supervisors comments on ADC Wildlife Services Contract and lithium aversive conditioning California
Other Hummels, 2000, The New Mexican, NM Senate committee rejects proposal to stall cougar killings New Mexico
Other Ibanga, 2008, , Father Saves Son From Wildcat Mauling New Mexico
Other Idaho Mountain Express 2001 Retiree Faults Fish and Game Politics. Idaho
Other Idaho State Journal 2006 Humans Killing Mountain Lions. Idaho
Other Idaho Statesman Zimowsky 2004 Cougar Reported in Southeast Boise. Idaho
Other Idaho’s News Channel 7 2005 Cougar Kittens Left Motherless by Hunter Looking for a Home Idaho
Other INAR News Service 2008 Claws Show Mountain Lion Traveled Hundreds of Miles. Nebraska
Other Inside Bay Area.com 2007 Mountain Lions or Just Big Felines California
Other Inside Bay Area.com Artz 2007 Lions Sightings Come Up Empty California
Other Inside Bay Area.com Benca 2008 Officials Reopen Danville Park Where Mountain Lion was Sighted California
Other Jacobson, Restaurant Owner Spots Cougar in Parking Lot Near Ferry Terminal Early Thursday Morning , 2005 Washington
Other Judge 2008 Mountain Lions Spotted on Idaho State University Campus. Idaho
Other Kalvelage, 2012, Ruidoso News, Mountain lion roaming Alto Lakes again New Mexico
Other KATU , 2006, Cougar Cub Put Down Due to Poor Health Oregon
Other KATU , 2006, Footage of Sick Cougar Cub Before It Was Euthanized Oregon
Other KATU , 2008, Cougar Killed After Stalking Oregon Girls Oregon
Other KATU 2008 Mountain Lion Kills Idaho Woman’s Miniature Donkey. Idaho
Other KATU Harding , 2006, Time May Have Run Out for Cougar Cub Oregon
Other KCBS 2007 Mountain Lion Sighting in Redwood Regional Park California
Other KCBS 2008 Mountain Lions Prowling Portola Valley California
Other KCBS 2008 UC Santa Cruz Launches Pioneering Study of Mountain Lions California
Other KCBS BCN 2008 Mountain Lion Spotted At Bethany University California
Other KCRA 2007 Several Cougar Sightings Reported in Sacramento County California
Other KDBC 4 News Staff, 2008, KDBC 4 News, Mountain Lion Attacks, Kills Poodle in Las Cruces New Mexico
Other Kern Valley Sun 2005 Mountain Lion Lecture to  Take Place in Kernville January 26 California
Other KGO Amin 2008 Mountain Lion Kills Goat in Hayward California
Other KGO Tom 2008 Five Goats Killed by Mountain Lion California
Other Kiefer 2008 Mountain Lions Encountered in Santa Barbara County California
Other Kimenker 2008 Mountain Lions on ISU’s Campus. Idaho
Other KING 5 News Brill , 2008, Cougar Stalks Students in Olympia Park Oregon
Other Knight 1994 Mountain Lions Damage Prevention and Control Methods New Mexico
Other KOLO TV, The Legality of Shooting a Mountain Lion in Nevada, Nevada
Other KOPB News Garnet , 2006, Wildlife Officals Begin Cougar Trapping Program Oregon
Other KQED QUEST Liza Gross 2012 The Man Who Made California Safe for Mountain Lions – John Dunlap California
Other KRON 2005 Rangers Guard Deer from Mountain Lions California
Other KSBW Channel 2005 Mountain Lion Spotted Near Pacific Grove Golf Course California
Other KSBY 2007 Mountain Lion Sighting Forces Lock Dow at Local Elementary School California
Other KTLA News 2008 Mountain Lion Attacks, Kills Horse near Palmdale California
Other KTVL , 2007, Group of Local Ranchers and Farmers Oppose Cougar Killings Oregon
Other KTVL , 2007, More of Jackson County Could Be Opened Up to Cougar Hunting Oregon
Other KTVU.com 2005 Dead Deer Prompt Mountain Lion Warning in Pacific Grove California
Other KTVU.com 2005 Terrifing Night on Mount Tamalpais California
Other KTVZ , 2006, Conservationists Attack Oregon’s Cougar Plan Oregon
Other KTVZ , 2007, Coexisting with Cougars Oregon
Other Kutilek Hopkins Smith Clinite 1980 Mountain Lion Depredation Policy Outline of Discussion Points California
Other KVAL , 2006, Cougar Dead Oregon
Other KVOA Tuscon News4 2006 Refuge Could Open for First Time to Mountain Lion Hunters. Arizona
Other KVOA Tuscon News4 2008 Mountain Lion Warning for Popular Tuscon Trail. Arizona
Other KVOA Tuscon News4 2008 Mountain Lions Spotted in Tuscon. Arizona
Other KVSun 2005 Mountain Lion Lecture to Take Place in Kernville January 26 California
Other LA Daily News Leach 2005 Program Teaches Respect For Wildlife California
Other LA Times 2003 Common Sense on Cougars California
Other LA Times 2004 Intrepid Trail Bikers Revisit Scene of Mountain Lion Attack California
Other LA Times 2004 Killing Mountain Lions Isn’t the Answer California
Other LA Times 2004 Nearby, but Still Wild California
Other LA Times Hanley 2004 Dead Cougar is Linked to Attacks, Park Reopens California
Other LA Times Leipzig Murray 2004 Cougrars Still Less Dangerous than People California
Other LA Times Wilson 2004 Are They Losing the Fear of Us California
Other Lake County Record-Bee.com Knight 2007 Deer Near Houses Attract Big Cats California
Other Lambley 2005 Sorting Fact From Fiction. Nebraska
Other Ledger Dispatch Bender 2007 I’m No Expert, But Come On California
Other Ledger Dispatch Diers 2008 Naturalist Talks Frankly on May’s Lyme Disease Awareness Month California
Other Ledger Dispatch Hammer 2004 Get Up Close and Personal With Mountain Lion California
Other Ledger Dispatch McCoy 2007 Mountain Lion Killed in Pine Grove California
Other Ledger Dispatch McCoy 2007 Wildlife Agents Aim for Balance California
Other Ledger Dispatch West 2007 Detailed Story A horror to Read California
Other Ledger Online Associated Press 2007 Florida Panther Deaths on Roads Hit New High of 14. Florida
Other Lehman , 2008, Wildlife Groups Call on State to Suspend Cougar Management Plan Oregon
Other Local10 2007 Biologist Dies of Plage In Arizona. Arizona
Other Los Angeles Times 1995 Bill Seeks to Remove Some Protections for Cougars California
Other Los Angeles Times 2003 Make Space for Lion’s Share California
Other Los Angeles Times Kelley 2003 Developer Creats an Opening California
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Other Los Angeles Times Wilson 2001 Biologists Take on the Buildlers California
Other Los Angeles Times Yoshino et al 2004 Lion Attacks Orange County Biker, Man Found Dead Nearby California
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Other Magic Valley Hopkins 2007 New Bill Would Keep Wolf Permist Below $10. Idaho
Other Mail Tribune , 2007, Cougar Hearing Delayed Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Conrad , 2007, Cougar is Suspect in 4-H Ram’s Demise Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Freeman , 2003, Oregon Cop Guilty of Wildlife Charges Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Freeman , 2005, Cougar Debate Invites Different Solutions Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Freeman , 2005, Cougar Plan Impacts Jackson County Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Freeman , 2005, State Biologists to Inspect Suspected Cougar Prey Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Freeman , 2007, Cougars on the Prowl Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Freeman , 2007, Feds May Take on Cougar Kills Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Freeman , 2007, Proposed Expansion of Cougar Hunt Zone Studied Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Freeman , 2007, Sport Hunter Cougar Kills Reach Record Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Freeman , 2007, Thinning Study Leads to First Cougar Kills Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Freeman , 2008, Medford Cougars’ Activities are Being Monitored Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Freeman , 2008, New Tool, Old Problem Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Freeman , 2008, Resident Kills Bold Cougar Near Wimer Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Jepsen , 2007, Bill Would OK Hunting Cougars with Canines Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Jepsen , 2007, Oregon House Oks Cougar, Bear Hunting Methods Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Jepsen , 2007, Senate OKs Hound-hunt Cougar Kills Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Jepsen , 2007, Southern Oregon Contingent Speaks Against Cougar Bill Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Mann , 2006, Combating Cougar Kills Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Mann , 2006, Cougar Hunter Gears Up for Move Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Mann , 2006, County Wants to Hire Cougar Hunter Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Mann , 2007, Cougar Hearing Dominates County Budget Session Oregon
Other Mail Tribune Mann , 2008, Cougar Shot by Teen in Shady Cove Oregon
Other Mainstream 1985 Of Mountain Lions, Mutton, and Men California
Other Malibu Surfside News Guldimann 2016 Expert weighs in on protecting pets, livestock from mountain lions California
Other Mardis, 2008, , Parents say NM boy mauled by mountain lion New Mexico
Other Matlock, 2007, The New Mexican, Officials say cougar sightings on the rise New Mexico
Other Mattson 2002 The Importance of Walnut Canyon National Monument as Habitat for Cougars (Puma Concolor) in an Urban Interface Environment. Arizona
Other Mattson 2002 Walnut Canyon 2002 David Mattson Email. Arizona
Other Mattson 2002 Walnut Canyon Cougar Report Form. Arizona
Other McAdoo, SRM Conference, 1976 Nevada
Other McCain, Sean Records Pumas killed 2009-2013 California
Other McCoy, Poster: WDFW Karelian Bear Dog event, 2012 Washington
Other Medianews Staff 2008 No New Mountain Lion Sightings in Hayward California
Other Medical News Today 2007 Plague Suspected in Death of Man in Arizona. Arizona
Other Medina, 2008, Sun-News, Mountain lion preys on pet poodle in Las Cruces New Mexico
Other Medina, 2008, Sun-News, Mountain lion that killed poodle not yet captured New Mexico
Other Memorandum of Understanding Los Angeles County Weed Management Area 2001 California
Other Mercury News – Mountain lion cubs in downtown Half Moon Bay shot by wardens – 12.4.12 California
Other Mercury News Gonzales 2008 Farm Loses 5 Goats to Mountain Lion California
Other Methow Valley News Online , Collaring the big cats , 2013 Washington
Other Miami Herald Morgan 2007 Second Panther Hit by Car in South Dade. Florida
Other Michell 2005 Lion’s Killing Hurts Study California
Other Midland News Service Szalewski 2008 Big Cat Eludes Officers After Sightings. Nebraska
Other Miller et al., Electronic Calling System 22nd Vertebrate Pest Conference, 2006 Nevada
Other Minter, 1994, Stock Killer Utah
Other MLF – Nonlethal Measures Explained 2014 California
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Other MLF 2006 Fax to Governor Kulongoski from Emily Cunnison Regarding Cougar Ceremony Performed by the Chemawa Indian School California
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Other MLF 2013 SB132 Support Letter to Senator Hill 3.15.13 California
Other MLF 2014 Nonlethal Measures Explained California
Other MLF 2016 Project 18 Summary from 2015 Predator Plan Nevada
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Other MLF Carolyn Parr Event Form June 25 California
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Other MLF News, 2008, Comments on Ecologists Say Mountain Lions Moving South. South Dakota
Other MLF News, 2010, Analysis of submitted comments to SDGFP 2010-2015 mountain lion management plan. South Dakota
Other MLF Proof of pre-1990 ownership of lion pelt 1 California
Other MLF Proof of pre-1990 ownership of lion pelt 2 California
Other MLF State Parks Signage California
Other MLF, WA Legislature extends use of hounds in cougar hunts for 3 years , 2008 Washington
Other Montoya Bryan, 2008, Associated Press, New Mexico looks at its hunting rules New Mexico
Other Montoya Bryan, N/A, Associated Press, New Mexico considers downlisting endangered sheep New Mexico
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Other Naples Daily News Cox 2007 Panther Focus Area Plan to Include Develped Areas. Florida
Other Naples Daily News Cox 2007 Provide More Panter Land or Face Suit, Wildlife Group Warns Ave Maria. Florida
Other Naples Daily News Cox 2007 Wildlife Officials Say Panther Concern Should Mean End of Road for Bypass. Florida
Other Naples News 11th Panther Road Death Sets Grim Record. Florida
Other Naples News 2006 Panther Death Toll Reaches 10. Florida
Other Naples News 2007 Another Florida Panter Dies on Regional Roadway. Florida
Other Naples News 2007 Naples Panther PR Position Left Out of Sate Budget. Florida
Other Naples News 2007 Report Shows Increase in Human Contact with Florida Panthers. Florida
Other Naples News 2007 Second Panther Killed in Almost Same Road Location. Florida
Other Naples News 2007 Wildlife Service; Is Eastern Cougar Really Extinct. Florida
Other Naples News 2008 Another Dead Panther Found in Collier. Florida
Other Naples News 2008 Dead Panther Found in Big Cypress National Preserve. Florida
Other Naples News Brannock 2007 Naples Zoo Kicks Off “Save the Panther Week.” Florida
Other Naples News Clark Ochoa 2007 Panther Found up in a Tree in Golden Gate. Florida
Other Naples News Cox 2006 Virile Panther “Doing Fine” at New Home. Florida
Other Naples News Cox 2007 Dead Florida Panther on East Coast Means It’s Branching out. Florida
Other Naples News Cox 2007 On the Edge, Florida Panthers Stand Close to Disappering. Florida
Other Naples News Cox 2007 Panther Killed on Interstate 4, is Sixth Big Cat Death of 2007. Florida
Other Naples News Cox 2007 Pushed Out, Developments Pushing Panthers Farther from Their habitats. Florida
Other Naples News Cox 2007 Speeding Kills, Number of Panthers Dying on Florida’s Roads Rising Every Year. Florida
Other Naples News Cox 2007 Wildlife Group Offers Pens to Prevent Panther Attacks. Florida
Other Naples News Cox 2007 Young Male Panther Finds Its Way into Keewaydin Island. Florida
Other Naples News Cullinan 2007 Panther Hit, Killed on Corkscrew Road. Florida
Other Naples News Gillis 2005 Judge Rules for More Panther Protection. Florida
Other Naples News Souza 2007 Guest Commentary, Range of Efforts Necessary to Protect Florida Panther. Florida
Other Naples News Staats 2005 Wildlife Group Says Minor Permits a Major Threat to Panter Habitat. Florida
Other Naples News Staats 2006 Area of Critical State Concern Designation Was put in Place in 1973. Florida
Other Naples News Staats 2007 Perserving Land, Collier Voters Supported Conservation, but Tax Cuts Looms. Florida
Other Naples News Staats 2008 Panther Found in Rural Collier Died of Pneumonia. Florida
Other Naples News Stackel 2007 Neighbors, Animal Lovers Team Up to Build Safety Pens in Estates. Florida
Other Naples News Swall 2007 Our World, Another one. Florida
Other Naples News Whitehead 2007 Environmental Group Says State Not Doing Enough to Save Panthers. Florida
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Other National Geographic News Mott 2005 Bad Science Led to Poor Panther Protection, Experts Say. Florida
Other National Geographic Today Cohen Paterson 2003 Struggling to Link Lands for Cougars in California California
Other National Resources Defense Council 1999 Letter from Wald to Benz regarding Environmental Assesment Predation Damage Management to Protect the Federally Endangered Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep California
Other NBC2 News 2007 Africa Idea keeping SWFL Livestock Safe. Florida
Other NBC2 News 2007 Panther on the Prowl. Florida
Other NBC2 News 2007 Panther Sightings, Attacks on the Rise. Florida
Other NBCSanDiego.com 2007 Wife Saves Husband from Mountain Lion California
Other Neary, 1999, The New Mexican, NM Game department wants to kill cougars to help bighorn sheep New Mexico
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Other Nebraskan, D., Hirst, B. E., & Baskin, C. (2010). Farmers could shoot mountain lions if bill passes. Nebraska
Other New Journal Online Pulver 2008 Officals Almost Certain Panter Prowling Tomoka State Park. Florida
Other New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, 2007, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Meetings Scheduled Statewide to Discuss Bear, Cougar Management New Mexico
Other New Milford Times Lombino, Mountain Lion in Washington , 2002 Washington
Other New York Times Forstenzer 2005 It’s Wild vs. Domestic Sheep as Groups Lock Horns Over Grazing Area California
Other News Journal Online 2008 Officials Proclaim Day of the Panther. Florida
Other News Review , 2006, Three Counties Tapped as Cougar Plan Testing Grounds Oregon
Other News Review Duncan , 2007, Cougar Killed After Eating Pet Cat in Tiller Oregon
Other News Review Sowell , 2006, Oregon Cougar Killed After Oregon
Other News. (1985). On the trail of Florida’s elusive panther. Florida
Other News. (2005). Errors admitted in panther data, 1900859. Florida
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Other News. (2007). Dead Florida panther on east coast means its branching out. Florida
Other News. (2007). Florida Panther Deaths on Roads Hit New High of 14, p. 20070630. Florida
Other News. (2007). National Parks Conservation Association Says Big Cypress National Preserve Is Threatened By Damaging Off-Road Vehicle Use. Florida
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Other News. (2011). Crossbreeding to save species and create new ones, 1–5. Florida
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Other News. (n.d.). FL A USFWS 2007 Celebrate “Florida Panther” Week in Naples. Florida
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Other NewsChannel 3 Staff 2004 Protest Over Mountain Lions Leads to Arrest. Arizona
Other News-Press Kleinbaum 204 City Warns of Mountain Lion Activity California
Other News-Press Wozniak 2008 Collier Debate Brews over Town, Panthers. (n.d.). Florida
Other News-Register , 2007, Cougar Spotted in Tice Woods Park Oregon
Other News-Times Dillman , 2008, Cougar Plan Part of Hatfield Hearing Oregon
Other North County Times Warren 2003 More Than 100 Attend Mountain Lion Lecture California
Other NP Telegraph 2013 Cougar hunting hits a snare. Nebraska
Other NPR Hillard 2014 Mountain Lion A Poster Cat For California’s Rat Poison Problem California
Other NY Times 2004 Cougar Attacks Cyclists California
Other Orange County Perspective 2004 Headlands, Using our Heads Finally, the Dana Point Project is a Balance of Interests California
Other Orange County Register Brennan 2001 A Habitat ‘Hot Spot’ California
Other Oregon Outdoor Journal , 2007, Oregon Cougar Hunting Under Fire Oregon
Other Oregon Statesman Journal, Mehaffey, Cougar Study Tracks Big Cats , 2004 Washington
Other Orlando Sentine Spear 2007 Panther Roamed Far From Home. Florida
Other Orlando Sentinel 2006 Suburbs Threaten Panthers. Florida
Other Orlando Sentinel 2006 Suburbs Threaten Panthers. Florida
Other Orlando Sentinel Comas 2007 Shedding Light on Elusive Panther. Florida
Other Orlando Sentinel Shedding Light on Elusive Panther. Florida
Other Orlando Sentinel Spear 2007 Panther Roamed Far From Home. Florida
Other Outdoor Life, Wharton, n.d., Death Waits in the Dark Utah
Other Palm Beach Post King 2005 Panther Biologist Now Fights for Job. Florida
Other Palo Alto Weekly Kazak 2004 Waiting for the Lion California
Other PEER 2011 Federal Cougar Hunters Must Obey California Law California
Other Pepperdine University Graphic Chiappetta 2006 Santa Monica Mountains, Puma Kills Cubs California
Other Pettes, Tanyos , 2008, Girl Safe After Beng Stalked by Cougar Oregon
Other Phoenix Zoo 2008 Comments on Phoenix Zoo Looking to Name New Mountain Lion Cubs. Arizona
Other Phoenix Zoo 2008 Phoenix Zoo Looking To Name New Mountain Lion Cubs. Arizona
Other Portland Indy Media , 2007, Cougar Bill Heading to the House Floor Oregon
Other Portland Indy Media Vincent , 2007, Coalition Vows to Stop Slaughter of Oregon’s Cougars Oregon
Other Quirk 2008 Mountain Lion Spotted Near Eagle Ridge California
Other Rapid City Journal, 2007, Comments on Lions VS Big Horn Lambs. South Dakota
Other Rapid City Journal, 2007, Comments on Saving Kittens and Sacrificing Wildlife Management on the Al South Dakota
Other Rapid City Journal, 2007, Comments on Should State Kill Mountain Lions to Protect Sheep. SD Rabit South Dakota
Other Rapid City Journal, 2008, Comments on 80-year-old Woman Shoots Mountain Lion in Her Yard. SD Rabit South Dakota
Other Rapid City Journal, 2008, Comments on 80-year-old Woman’s Cougar Being Mounted for Museum. SD Rab South Dakota
Other Rapid City Journal, 2008, Comments on Keep Emotions Out of Lion Management. South Dakota
Other Rapid City Journal, 2008, Comments on Man Defends Account of Lion Attack. South Dakota
Other Rapid City Journal, 2008, Comments on Orphaned Mountain Lions Sent to Zoos. South Dakota
Other Rapid City Journal, 2008, Comments on Wildcat Chased all Night, Killed Near Boston’s. South Dakota
Other Rapid City Journal, 2016, GF & P takes flak for proposed mountain lion hunt changes, 9–11. South Dakota
Other Record Searchlight Benda 2004 Police Shoot Treed Cougar California
Other Reed, 2011, Mountain lion surprise in Fort Washakie ends with a bang Wyoming
Other Register-Guard Baker , 2006, Cougar Tails; Two Orphaned Cubs are Spared from Euthanasia and Brought to Oregon Zoo in Portland Oregon
Other Register-Guard Moran , 2006, Cougar in Wrong Place at Wrong Time Oregon
Other Register-Guard Nolan , 2007, Police Investigate Cougar Sightings Oregon
Other Register-Guard Sachs , 2005, State’s Cougar Program a Fraud Oregon
Other Register-Guard Stahlberg , 2005, Close Encounter with Mother Cougar Turns Hunter into the Hunted Oregon
Other Richards, 2005, Wyoming Outdoor Industry, Mule vs Mountain Lion New Mexico
Other Rocky Mountain Fish & Game Bean 2007 Cougar Hunting Roundup 2007. Idaho
Other Roffe and Work 2005 EXCERPT Wildlife Health Disease Investigations pp197-202 of Techniques for Wildlife Investigations Management.pdf. Arizona
Other Rominger, Em, 2007, Culling mountain lions to protect ungulate populations–some lives are more sacred than others Texas
Other Running News Raia 2004 Death By Cougar – Remembering Barbara Schoener California
Other Ruth 2005 Couple Wants F&G to Spare Cougar Kitten. Idaho
Other SacBee Fearing 2014 New Law Successful in Reducing Bear Deaths California
Other Sacramento Bee 2002 Lion-Proof pens Called New Fix for Old Problem California
Other Sacramento Bee Broddrick 2004 DFG mountain-lion Policy does the Job California
Other Salem Monthly Boyer , 2007, Lions and Cougars and Bears — Oh My Oregon
Other San Diego Union-Tribune Fitzsimons 2004 A Year Later, Backcountry Shows Signs of Rebirth California
Other San Francico Examiner Letters to the Editor 1994 When Human Activities Extend into Mountain Lion Habitat California
Other San Francisco Chronicle Fimrite  2005 Wine County Casualties Grape-eating Bears Killed as Vineyards’ Territory Expands California
Other San Francisco Chronicle McCullough 2004 Managing nature California
Other San Francisco Chronicle Packard, Jordan 2001 A Coast Lost, Piece by Piece California
Other San Gabrial Mountains Bighorn Sheep Recovery Team Meeting Notes, Holl, April 26, 2004, La Festra Center, Glendora, CA California
Other San Jose Chronicle Gaura 2005 Young Mountain Lion is Shot and Killed in Backyard of Home California
Other San Mateo County Times Yarbrough 2003 Mountain Lion Dies After Getting Hit by Car on 280 California
Other Santa Monica News Stebinger 2004 Mountain Lion Kittens Doing Well, But Face Uncertain Future California
Other Science Now Morell , 2007, Oregon Cougars To Be Hounded Oregon
Other ScienceDaily , 2006, Cougar Predation Key To Ecosystem Health Oregon
Other Scientific American.com Tanner 2006 Killing Pumas Doesn’t Lessen Attackes on Man – US Study California
Other Scott 2007 Florida Panther Deaths Increase from Collisions with Vehicles. Florida
Other SDGFP. , 1973, Mountain lion. Oregon
Other Seattle Post, Seattle Post-Intelligencer Talking to Tippi Hedren about Shambala , Washington
Other Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Naimon, Protect, Don’t Shoot, Northwest Cougars , 2008 Washington
Other Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Trageser, State Weighs Continued Use of Dogs for Hunting Cougars , 2008 Washington
Other Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Valdes, Lawmakers Look at Expanding the Use of Hound Dogs in Cougar Hunts , 2008 Washington
Other Seattle Times, Doughton, Is Cougar Hunting Breeding Chaos , 2008 Washington
Other Seattle Times, Doughton, Is Stepped-up Hunting Intensifying Cougar-Human Conflicts , 2008 Washington
Other Seattle Times, Doughton, State to Decide on Plan to Scale Back Cougar Hunting Today , 2008 Washington
Other Seattle Times, Krishnan, Cougar Kills Pet Alpaca , 2008 Washington
Other Seattle Times, Thomas, Cougar Encounters Rise and Fall as Rules for Hunting Change , 2007 Washington
Other Seattle Times, Thomas, State’s Carnivore Specialist Helped People, Cougars Coexist , 2007 Washington
Other Seattle Times, Washington Government Agrees to Expand Cougar Hunts with Hound Dogs , 2008 Washington
Other Senate Floor Nielsen 2013 SB 132 Concurrence Floor Session Nielsen Testimony 08262013August 26 California
Other Sierra Vista Herald Hess 2007 Group Spending Weekend Tracking Mountain Lions on Fort. Arizona
Other Silverton Appeal Traver , 2007, Small Group Learns about Dangers of Mountain Lions Oregon
Other Smalling, 2000, The New Mexican, New Mexico cougar policy is based on flawed logic New Mexico
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Other Southland News 2007 Mountain Lion Captured After Mauling Dogs California
Other St. Helena Star Intardonato 2005 Killing Cougars, The Price of Protecting Goats California
Other Stange 2004 When Animals Stalk Humans, Hunters Should Shoot Back California
Other Star, Ventura County Ventura County letters: Wildlife versus poison California
Other Statesman Journal , 2005, Hunters Can Take Study Critters Oregon
Other Statesman Journal , 2006, Board is Expected to OK Cougar Plan Oregon
Other Statesman Journal , 2006, Cougar Advocated are Invited to Workshop Oregon
Other Statesman Journal , 2006, Cougars’ Threat Doen’t Justify Plan to Kill Them. Oregon
Other Statesman Journal , 2006, Oregon’s Cougar Management Plan; A Bad Choice for Oregon. Oregon
Other Statesman Journal , 2006, Panel OKs Plan to Kill Cougars Oregon
Other Statesman Journal , 2006, Urge State to Alter Plan for Cougar Management. Oregon
Other Statesman Journal , 2007, Hogan, Cougar “Experiment” is Killing Wildlife. Oregon
Other Statesman Journal , 2007, Learn About Cougar Issues Oregon
Other Statesman Journal , 2007, Next Tuesday Falls on Thursday This Week Oregon
Other Statesman Journal , 2007, Senate Approves Amended Cougar, Bear Hunting Legislation Oregon
Other Statesman Journal Bolner , 2005, State Park Near Keizer Reports Five Cougar Sightings in Summer Oregon
Other Statesman Journal Miller , 2007, Bill OKs Use of Dogs in Cougar, Bear Kills Oregon
Other Statesman Journal Miller , 2007, Dogs Could Be used to Hunt Cougars, Bears Oregon
Other Statesman Journal Moss , 2007, State Agency Wages War on Cougars Oregon
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Other Stepping Lightly – Newsletter of Placer Nature Center Spring 2003 California
Other Stivers 2008 Cougars Spotted in Hailey Last Weekend. Idaho
Other Stockton Record Garland 2002 Lion Proof Pen to be Tried in Lode California
Other Stockton Record Garland 2002 Lion Proof Pen Tried in Lode California
Other Stoddard, B. M. (2010). Bills aim at mountain lions , deer. Nebraska
Other Summar, 2007, Albuquerque Journal, More Cougar Sightings Reported New Mexico
Other Sun Newspapers Jerde 2005 EP Residen; Get Rid of Cougars Now. Nebraska
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Other Sweet Home News , 2007, Cougar Problem is Something City Dwellers Don’t Comprehend Oregon
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Other Taos News, 2008, Taos News, Man attacked by mountain lion at Taos Ski Valley New Mexico
Other TBO Sargeant 2007 Florida’s Wild Cat. (n.d.). Florida
Other The Acorn Bertholdo 2008 Harris Named Federation’s Citizen of the Year California
Other The California Cattleman Grigory 1985 The Mountain Lion Controversy California
Other The Carmel Pine Cone Counts 2007 Scientist’s Close Encounter with Lion on the Hunt California
Other The Columbian, Klickitat County Proposed for Cougar Hunting with Hounds , 2008 Washington
Other The Columbian, Robinson, Wildlife Closer than Urban Dwellers Think , 2007 Washington
Other The Daily Aztec Clasby 2007 Don’t Kill the Cougars, Fight Back Instead California
Other The Daily Journal Anderson 2001 Board Splits Over Wilderness Designations California
Other The Daily News, Slape, The Daily News , 2007 Washington
Other The Daily Review Rubin 2008 Goat Killed in Possible Hayward Mountain Lion Attack California
Other The Desert Sun 2007 Things to do in the Valley During March 2007 California
Other The Desert Sun 2008 Warning Extended Today After Mountain Lion Seen Near Cathedral City California
Other The Desert Sun Claxton 2008 Residents on Guard After Lion Spotted California
Other The Eureka Reporter 2007 Mountain Lion Sighted in Field California
Other The Eureka Reporter 2008 Mountain Lion Spotted Near Arcata School California
Other The Eureka Reporter Bensen-Messinger 2007 Mountain Lion Victim Recovering Well, Removed from Critical Care Unit California
Other The Eureka Reporter Gusching 2007 Authorities Say They Cannot Act on All Mountain Lion Sightings in County California
Other The Eureka Reporter Hunt-Munther 2007 National 4-H Week Focuses on Learning California
Other The Eureka Reporter Wilkinson 2008 Mountain Lion Killed California
Other The Florida Times-Union Skoloff 2006 Florida Panters Threatened as Development Takes Habitat. (n.d.). Florida
Other The Floridian Klinkenberg 2007 The Uninvited Guest. (n.d.). Florida
Other The Fund For Animals 2003 Animal Protection Groups File Suit Over Arizona Mountain Lion Killing “Study.” Arizona
Other The Leader, McGrady , Big Cougar Hunted After it Kills Domestic Sheep , 2008 Washington
Other The Mountain Lion Foundation Negri et al  Rebuilding the California Department of Fish and Game and the California Fish and Game Commission Recommendations to the New Governor California
Other The Olympian , 2007, Learn About Mountain Lions Oregon
Other The Olympian, Possible Cougar Sighting Under Investigation in the West Olympia , 2008 Washington
Other The Oregonian , 2005, Fewer Cougar Kills Puzzle Biologists Oregon
Other The Oregonian , 2005, Success Could Be Cougars’ Undoing Oregon
Other The Oregonian , 2006, Hunters Becoming an Endangered Species Oregon
Other The Oregonian , 2006, Porcupine in Decline, Biologists Opine Oregon
Other The Oregonian , 2007, Measure Would Let Hunters Use Dogs to Track Cougars, Bears Oregon
Other The Oregonian , 2008, State Sets Rules for Houndsmen to Hunt Cougars, Black Bears Oregon
Other The Oregonian Babcock , 2007, Lion-by-Lion Wildlife Study Learns About Numbers, Hunting Oregon
Other The Oregonian Bingham , 2007, Fuzzy Spring Lambs Easy Pickings for Predators Oregon
Other The Oregonian Cain , 2007, House Backs Allowing Volunteers to Use Dogs in Cougar Hunts Oregon
Other The Oregonian Kost , 2007, Senate Passes Bill to Relax Cougar Hunt Restrictions Oregon
Other The Oregonian, Hunters for Cougar that Scratched Grand Coulee Boy , 2008 Washington
Other The Pilot Weissman , 2008, Cougar Sighting Oregon
Other The Press Democrat 2008 Mountain Lion Captured in Sonoma Valley Backyard California
Other The Road Reporter The Quarterly Newsletter of Wildlands Center for Preventing Roads  2003 Cougar Corridors California
Other The Southwest Biodiversity Initiative 1999 Cougar Bighorn Interactions and Sustainable Ecosystem Management in New Mexico New Mexico
Other The Statesman, Henneman, State Legislature Authorizes the Probram for Three More Years , 2008 Washington
Other The Union Moller 2005 Mountain Lion Kills Goat Near Lake of the Pines California
Other The Valley Chronicle 2005 Mountain Lion Presentation at Monument California
Other Thompson, 2000, Albuquerque Journal, Judge Halts Federal Cougar Kills in New Mexico- No change in state hunting plans New Mexico
Other Thorne, Cameron, Quinn – 2006 – A Conservation Design for the Central Coast of California and the Evaluation of Mountain Lion as an Umbr California
Other Tucson Citizen 2006 Attorney; Activists’ Trial Not About Lions. Arizona
Other Tucson Citizen 2007 Review Halts Planned Kofa Mountain Lion Hunt. Arizona
Other Tucson Citizen Copenhaver 2005 Boost Your Cougar Awareness. Arizona
Other Tucson Citizen Copenhaver 2005 Keeping Tabs on Lions. Arizona
Other Tuscon Citizen Cedillos 2004 Dozens Gather to Protest Mountain Lion Hunt in Sabino. Arizona
Other Tuscon Citizen Flick 2005 Three Indicted Again in Sabino Mountain Lion Hunt. Arizona
Other UC Berkeley 1991 Margaret Owings – Artist and Wildlife and Environmental Defender California
Other Umbach, 1997 Mountain Lions and California State Parks California
Other Unknown, 1998, The New Mexico Game Commission, APNM Sues New Mexico Game Commission for Cougar Killing Plans New Mexico
Other Unknown, 1999, Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., Department Promotes Flawed Cougar Killing Policy in Attempt to Protect Desert Bighorn Sheep New Mexico
Other Unknown, N/A, Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., APNM Historical Involvement in Cougar Protection New Mexico
Other Unknown, N/A, Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., New Mexico Cougars Under Fire! New Mexico
Other UPI 2008 Family Fights Off Rabid Mountain Lion. Arizona
Other UPI 2010 Panther Protection Lucrative for Florida Ranchers. (n.d.). Florida
Other USA Today 2008 City Hires Tracker to Find, Kill Mountain Lion That Attacked Hiker California
Other USA Today Ritter 2004 Big Cats Seek Place to Prowl in Urban Areas California
Other USA Today Ritter 2006 Cougar Hunting Doesn’t Lower Fatal Attacks California
Other Valley Press Semchuck 2007 Mountain Lion Said to be on Loose in Valley California
Other Van Cassell 2008 Caution Urged After Lion Print Found California
Other Varosh, State Web Site Tracks Cougar Sightings, Database is Compiled From Public Reports, Complaints and Can Be Searched by Town , 2005 Washington
Other Ventura County Star 2003 Life Can Get Wild on the Edge – Groups Helping People, Animals Get Along California
Other Ventura County Star 2003 On the Edge – Kids Learn How to Live Around Wild Animals California
Other Ventura County Star 2004 Out of the Wild California
Other Wagner, Matt, 1996, Proceedings of the Fifth Mountain Lion Workshop Texas
Other Walnut Creek Journal Richards 2008 Lindsay Museum’s Resident Mountain Lion Dies California
Other Washington ICEO, Winninghoff, Rethinking Eco-friendly Investing , 2006 Washington
Other Washington Post Whoriskey 2006 Florida Cat’s Revival Raises Concerns in Suburbia. (n.d.). Florida
Other Weiser Signal American, Ruth, Hunter Attracts Cougar He Didn’t Want , 2005 Washington
Other Wenatchee World, Mehaffey, Bill on Hunting Cougars with Dogs Passes House , 2008 Washington
Other Wenatchee World, Seventh State Cougar Cub Off To Zoo , 2007 Washington
Other West MLF Preserving Cougar Country – A Guide to Protecting Mountain Lion and Deer Habitat in California California
Other Western Roundup Gross, Cougars in Chaos , 2008 Washington
Other WFTV 2007 Florida Panther Struck and Killed on Fort Myers Road. (n.d.). Florida
Other Whittier Daily News 2004 Hillside Residents Warned of Mountain Lion Habits – Residents Given Tlips on Big Cats’ Habits California
Other Wink News 2008 Mountain Lion Attacks a Little Boy. (n.d.). Florida
Other World Herald Larson 2008 “Probable” Cougar Sighting Leads to Searches. Nebraska
Other World, Mehaffey, Officer Kills Cougar in Malott , 2008 Washington
Other WPBF 2007 Panther Expert Called After Toddler Found Mauled. (n.d.). Florida
Other WPTV Sheldone Stancil 2007 Beast that Mauled 3-year-old Boy in Fort Drum Lkiely Wasn’t Panther. (n.d.). Florida
Other Yakima Hearld-Republic, Sandsberry, Cougar Conundum , 2008 Washington
Other Yakima Hearld-Republic, Sandsberry, Quick Shot, Big Result at Teen Bags King-sized Cougar , 2007 Washington
Other Yakima Herald Republic, Mountain Lion Sightings on the Rise Across Valley , 2005 Washington
Other Yakima Herald Republic, Muir, Raw Cougar Meat Makes Hunter Sick , 2007 Washington
Other Yeates 1985 California Mountain Lions In the Wild or on the Wall California
Other Yuma Sun 2008 Comments on Officials Announce Killing of Mountain Lion. Arizona
Other Yuma Sun 2008 Officials Seek Input on Kofa Mountain Lions. Arizona
Other Yuma Sun Gilber 2008 Public Comment Period for Kofa Mountain Lion Plan Extended. Arizona
Other Yuma Sun Gilbert 2007 Group Critical of Mountain Lion Killing. Arizona
Other Yuma Sun Gilbert 2008 Officials Announce Killing of Mountain Lion. Arizona
Other Yuma Sun Rotstein 2007 Wildlife Refuge Postpones Plans for Mountain Lion Hunt. Arizona
Other Zieralski 1996 Cougars Ravage Threatened Bighorn California

 

In addition to the above the following resources are a good place to research published literature:

How to Search Scholarly Materials Preserved in the Internet Archive – Internet Archive Blogs

Search Bar for Scholarly Materials Preserved in the Internet Archive

About Google Scholar

Search Bar for Google Scholar


The library project is continuing and we would like to give our thanks to the many interns who contributed to this online bibliography and library.

Garrett Allen, Anna Nichole Mack, Mason DuBois, Brandi Coley, Kira Pearson, Lisa DiNicolantonio, Elisa Fernandes-McDade, Pearl Holmes, Katherine Kneuper, Haley Martin, Elizabeth Meisman, Mariah Mendez, Mary Gresch, and Tom Batter.

Your efforts will make a difference for many years to come